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The purpose of Adhyay 8- Bhagavad Gita

In this Seventh Chapter of Bhagavad Gita, the nature of Krsna consciousness is fully described. Krsna is full in all opulence

sri-Bhagavan uvaca
mayy asakta-manah partha
yogam yunjan mad-asrayah
asamsayam samagram mam
yatha jnasyasi tac chrnu

Now hear, O son of Prtha [Arjuna], how by practicing yoga in full consciousness of Me, with mind attached to Me, you can know Me in full, free from doubt.
PURPOSE
 In this Seventh Chapter of Bhagavad-gita, the nature of Krsna consciousness is fully described. Krsna is full in all opulences, and how He manifests such opulence is described herein. Also, four kinds of fortunate people who become attached to Krsna, and four kinds of unfortunate people who never take to Krsna are described in this chapter.

In the first six chapters of Bhagavad-gita, the living entity has been described as nonmaterial spirit soul which is capable of elevating himself to self-realization by different types of yogas. At the end of the Sixth Chapter, it has been clearly stated that the steady concentration of the mind upon Krsna, or in other words Krsna consciousness, is the highest form of all yoga. By concentrating one’s mind upon Krsna, one is able to know the Absolute Truth completely, but not otherwise.

Impersonal brahmajyoti or localized Paramatma realization is not perfect knowledge of the Absolute Truth because it is partial. Full and scientific knowledge is Krsna, and everything is revealed to the person in Krsna consciousness. Incomplete Krsna consciousness, one knows that Krsna is ultimate knowledge beyond any doubts. Different types of yoga are only stepping stones on the path of Krsna consciousness. One who takes directly to Krsna consciousness automatically knows about brahmajyoti and Paramatma in full. By the practice of Krsna consciousness yoga, one can know everything in full—namely the Absolute Truth, the living entities, the material nature, and their manifestations with paraphernalia.

One should, therefore, begin yoga practice as directed in the last verse of the Sixth Chapter. The concentration of the mind upon Krsna the Supreme is made possible by prescribed devotional service in nine different forms, of which sravanam is the first and most important. The Lord, therefore, says to Arjuna, “tat srnu,” or “Hear from Me.” No one can be a greater authority than Krsna, and therefore by hearing from Him, one receives the greatest opportunity for progress in Krsna consciousness.

One has, therefore, to learn from Krsna directly or from a pure devotee of Krsna—and not from a nondevotee upstart, puffed up with academic education.

Therefore only by hearing from Krsna or from His devotee in Krsna consciousness can one understand the science of Krsna.

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