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12 Jyotirlinga (१२ – ज्योतिर्लिंग) of Lord Shiva in India

In the vast sea of knowledge of Hindu mythology, the word “Jyotirlinga” Or “Jyotirling” (ज्योतिर्लिंग) holds a very strong religious and emotional significance as it represents the abode of Lord Shiva. The word Jyotirlinga is derived from the Sanskrit words “Jyoti” meaning “radiance” or “light” and “Linga” referring to the symbol of Lord Shiva, Jyotirlinga embodies the divine cosmic energy of the Supreme Being. These sacred abodes of Lord Shiva are believed to be alive with His presence and are revered as the most visited pilgrimage sites in India.

The origin of the term “Jyotirling” (ज्योतिर्लिंग) can be traced back to ancient scriptures and religious texts. The Puranas, particularly the Shiva Purana and the Linga Purana, extensively mention the significance and stories of the Jyotirlingas. These sacred texts describe the legends associated with each Jyotirlinga and the divine manifestations of Lord Shiva at these holy sites.

The worship of the Shivalinga holds utmost importance for devotees of Lord Shiva, considering it as the primary form of worship. It is believed that the Shivalinga represents the resplendent light or flame-like form of the Shiva himself, one of the principal deities in the Hindu trinity. It is a powerful and ancient symbol associated with the divine masculine energy, creation, and the eternal cycle of life.

Hinduism Symbols- Shiv Ling (शिवलिंग) - Represents the cosmic pillar of energy and consciousness from which the entire universe emerges - HD Wallpaper - HinfuFaqs
Shiv Ling (शिवलिंग) – Represents the cosmic pillar of energy and consciousness from which the entire universe emerges – HinfuFaqs

Here are some key aspects and interpretations associated with the Shiva Lingam:

  1. Creation and Dissolution:
    The Shiva Ling represents the union of the cosmic energies of creation and dissolution. It symbolizes the cyclic process of birth, growth, death, and rebirth. The rounded top of the Linga represents the energy of creation, while the cylindrical base represents dissolution or transformation.
  2. Divine Masculine Energy:
    The Shiva Ling is a representation of the divine masculine principle. It embodies qualities such as strength, power, and spiritual transformation. It is often worshipped by devotees seeking blessings for inner strength, courage, and spiritual growth.
  3. Union of Shiva and Shakti:
    The Shiva Ling is often seen as a representation of the union between Lord Shiva and his consort, Goddess Shakti. It symbolizes the harmonious balance of the divine masculine and feminine energies, known as Shiva and Shakti, respectively. The Linga represents the Shiva aspect, while the yoni  represents the Shakti aspect.
  4. Fertility and Life Force:
    The Shiva Ling is associated with fertility and the life force energy. It represents the procreative energy of Lord Shiva and is worshipped for blessings related to fertility, progeny, and the continuation of family lineage.
  5. Spiritual Awakening:
    The Shiva Ling is revered as a sacred object of meditation and spiritual awakening. Devotees believe that meditating upon the Linga can help awaken the peaceful spiritual energy within and lead to self-realization and liberation.
  6. Ritual Worship:
    The Shiva Ling is worshipped with great reverence and devotion. Devotees offer water, milk, bilva leaves, flowers, and sacred ash (vibhuti) to the Linga as a gesture of respect and adoration. These offerings are believed to purify the mind, body, and soul and invoke the blessings of Lord Shiva.

It is important to note that the Shiva Ling is not considered a phallic symbol in a purely sexual context. Its representation goes beyond the physical aspect and delves into the profound symbolism of cosmic creation and spiritual transformation.

The manifestation of Lord Shiva as a Jyotirlinga holds a special place in Hindu mythology. It is believed that during the night of the Aridra Nakshatra, Lord Shiva revealed himself as the Jyotirlinga. Though the appearance may not have distinguishing features, it is said that individuals who have reached higher levels of spiritual attainment can perceive these lingas as columns of fire penetrating through the earth. This celestial phenomenon further enhances the true significance attached to the Jyotirlingas.

Initially, there were believed to be 64 Jyotirlingas, but 12 of them hold immense auspiciousness and sanctity. Each of these 12 Jyotirlinga sites is dedicated to a specific presiding deity, considered as distinct manifestations of Lord Shiva himself. The primary image at each of these sacred sites is a linga or lingam, symbolizing the timeless and eternal Stambha pillar, which represents the infinite nature of Lord Shiva.

The Jyotirlingas evoke deep religious sentiments among devotees, who perceive them as powerful sources of divine energy and blessings. Pilgrims from far and wide regions of India and from the world undertake long journeys to visit these sacred sites, seeking spiritual upliftment, inner transformation, and closeness to Lord Shiva. The presence of the Jyotirlingas serves as a constant reminder of the transcendental nature of God and the infinite possibilities of spiritual realization.

  1. 12 Jyotirlinga (ज्योतिर्लिंग) In India – Temples Of Lord Shiva

    Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Veraval, Saurashtra region In Gujarat
    Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Daarukavanam region In Gujarat
    Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Pune region In Maharashtra
    Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Nashik region In Maharashtra
    Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Aurangabad region In Maharashtra
    Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Deoghar region In Jharkhand
    Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Ujjain region In Madhya Pradesh
    Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Khandwa region In Madhya Pradesh
    Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Varanasi region In Uttar Pradesh
    Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Kedarnath region In Uttarakhand
    Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Rameswaram region In Tamil Nadu
    Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga Temple – Located in Srisailam region In Andhra Pradesh

Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Stotra by Adi Shankaracharya:

Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Stotra by Adi Shankaracharya - Wallpaper HinduFAQs
Dwadasa Jyotirlinga Stotra by Adi Shankaracharya – HinduFAQs

Dwadasa 12 Jyotirlinga Stotra In Sanskrit

“सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम् । उज्जयिन्यां महाकालमोकांरममलेश्वरम् । परल्यां वैद्यनाथं च डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम् । सेतुबंधे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारूकावने । वाराणस्यां तु विश्वेशं त्रयंम्बकं गौतमीतटे । हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं च शिवालये ।
ऐतानि ज्योतिर्लिंगानि सायं प्रातः पठेन्नरः । सप्तजन्मकृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति ।”

Dwadasa 12 Jyotirlinga Stotra English Translation

‘Saurashtre Somanaatham Cha Sree Saile Mallikarjunam. Ujjayinyaam Mahaakaalam Omkaare Mamaleswaram. Himalaye to Kedaram Daakinyaam Bhimashankaram. Vaaranaasyaam cha Viswesam Trayambakam Gowtameethate. Paralyaam Vaidyanaatham cha Naagesam Daarukaavane
Setubandhe Ramesham Grushnesam cha Shivaalaye ||’

Meaning of Dwadasa 12 Jyotirlinga Stotra in English:

“In Saurashtra is Somnath, and in Shri Shailam is Mallikarjuna, In Ujjain is Mahakala, and in Omkareshwar is Amaleshwara, In Parli is Vaidyanath, and in Dakini is Bhimashankara, In Setubandha is Rameshwara, and in Daruka Forest is Nageshwara, In Varanasi is Vishweshwara, and on the banks of Godavari is Trayambakeshwara, In the Himalayas is Kedara, and in Kashi is Gushmeshwara, By reciting these Jyotirlingas in the evening and morning, A person is relieved from sins committed in seven lifetimes.”

Note: This Sanskrit stotra or hymn highlights the 12 Jyotirlinga, including Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwara, Vishweshwara, Trayambakeshwara, Kedarnath, and Gushmeshwara. It emphasizes the power of reciting the names of these sacred lingas in relieving one from the sins accumulated over multiple lifetimes.

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple – Veraval, Gujarat
The Eternal Shrine of Lord Shiva

The Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple, in the holy town of Prabhas Patan near Veraval, Gujarat, holds a prime spot among the 12 Jyotirlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva. Enshrining the first and foremost Jyotirlinga, this divine temple radiates with the powerful presence of Lord Shiva. The significance of the Somnath Temple can be traced back to ancient times, as mentioned in sacred scriptures and revered hymns.

Let us embark on a spiritual journey to explore the glory and devotion that surround the first Jyotirlinga – Somnath.

Image Credits : Wikipedia

Nomenclature and Significance of Somnath Temple:

The term “Somnath” is derived from two Sanskrit words – “Soma” and “Nath.” “Soma” refers to the Moon God, while “Nath” translates to “Lord” or “Master.” The name signifies the divine association of Lord Shiva with the Moon God, indicating the significance of this sacred abode.

Importatance of Somnath Temple

The Somnath Temple’s importance lies in its status as the first among the 12 Jyotirlinga. The term “Jyotirlinga” comprises two elements: “Jyoti” meaning “radiant light” and “Linga” representing Lord Shiva’s formless cosmic manifestation. The Jyotirlingas are considered the supreme abodes of Lord Shiva, where devotees can experience his divine presence and seek spiritual enlightenment.

History and Significance Of Somnath Temple:

The history of the Somnath Temple is intertwined with ancient mythology of Indian history. It is believed that Lord Shiva manifested himself as the first Jyotirlinga at Somnath, signifying the eternal divine light. The temple’s origin traces back to the Satyug era, and its prominence finds mention in revered scriptures like the Skanda Purana, Shiva Purana, and Dwadasha Jyotirlinga Stotram.

Image Credits: Wikimedia

Throughout its existence, the Somnath Temple witnessed the rise and fall of dynasties, facing numerous invasions and destruction. It stood as a testament to the unwavering faith and devotion of countless devotees, who rebuilt the temple time and again. The temple’s history includes the devastating invasions by Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11th century and subsequent reconstruction efforts by different rulers, explains the resilience and spirit of Shiva devotees.

Architectural Marvel Of Somnath Temple:

The Somnath Temple’s architectural marvel showcases a fusion of ancient and contemporary styles. The temple is truly magnificent, with its beautiful carvings, tall towers, and delicate sculptures. The Shiv ling is inside the gabhara. It represents a never-ending beam of light and reminds us of Lord Shiva’s everlasting presence in the universe.


Architectural Marvel Of Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple. Photo Credits: Gujarat Tourism

Pilgrimage and Worship in Somnath Temple:

Pilgrims from far and wide undertake a spiritual journey to the Somnath Temple, seeking divine blessings, solace, and liberation from the cycle of life and death. The temple resonates with the enchanting chants of Vedic hymns and the deep devotion of devotees, creating an atmosphere charged with spiritual energy.

Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple - Inside gabhara Linga Photo - HinduFAQs

Festivals like Mahashivaratri, Kartik Purnima, and Shravan Month witness grand rituals and ceremonies at the Somnath Temple. Devotees immerse themselves in sacred rituals, offering prayers and performing abhishekam (ritualistic bathing) to seek Lord Shiva’s divine grace and blessings.

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Dwarka, Gujarat
The Sacred Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva – Dwelling of the Mighty Serpent

Introduction of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Situated near the city of Dwarka in Gujarat, the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple holds immense significance as one of the 12 Jyotirlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Dwarka Nageshwar Jyotirlinga,” this divine temple’s sanctorium enshrines the Nageshwar Linga, symbolizing the presence and divine power of Lord Shiva. Let us walk on a spiritual journey to explore the profound history, sacred legends, and the spiritual essence surrounding the Nageshwar Temple.


Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Dwarka, Gujarat. Photo Credits: Gujarat Tourism

Nomenclature and Mythological Significance behind Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The term “Nageshwar” is derived from two Sanskrit words – “Naga” meaning “serpent” and “Ishwara” representing “Lord.” Nageshwar signifies the Lord of Serpents, as Lord Shiva is often associated with snakes in Hindu mythology. The temple derives its name from the sacred association with the serpent lord.

Legends and Historical Significance related to Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

According to ancient stories, it is believed that the Nageshwar Temple holds a strong connection with the legendary tale from in the Shiva Purana. The story revolves around the demon couple Daruka and Daruki, who were devotees of Lord Shiva. Impressed by their unwavering devotion, Lord Shiva granted them a boon to be invincible. However, the demon Daruka misused his powers and created havoc on Earth.

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga  Temple- Inside gabhara Nageshwar Shiv Linga Photo - HinduFAQs

Photo Credits:

To restore balance and protect the world, Lord Shiva manifested as the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, emerged as a towering column of light, and vanquished the demon Daruka. The temple’s location is believed to be the site where this divine intervention took place, cementing its historical and mythological significance.

Architectural Marvel and Sacred Rituals associated with Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Nageshwar Temple showcases exquicent architectural craftsmanship, blending intricate carvings and vibrant beautiful sculptures. In the sanctum sanctorum holds the Nageshwar Linga, a self-manifested linga, which is a naturally formed oval-shaped stone believed to embody Lord Shiva’s presence.

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple Shiva Statue HD Wallpaper - HinduFAQs.jpg

Devotees gather to the Nageshwar Temple to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva and participate in sacred rituals. The Maha Rudra Abhishekam, is performed with great devotion, where milk, water, and flowers are poured over the lingam. The chanting of name of lord shiva and the resonating sounds of bells and conches create an atmosphere charged with spiritual calmness.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Pilgrims from far and wide landscapes of India and the world takes the spiritual journey to the Nageshwar Temple, seeking solace, divine blessings, and spiritual awakening. The temple radiates a calming aura, inviting devotees to immerse themselves in deep contemplation and connect with the divine essence of Lord Shiva.

Devotees believe that worshiping at the Nageshwar Temple grants liberation from the cycle of birth and death, bringing inner transformation and spiritual enlightenment.

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple: Pune, Maharashtra
The Divine Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva – Manifestation of Strength and Serenity

Introduction about Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Situated in the mid of the scenic Sahyadri Mountains of Maharashtra, the Bhimashankar Temple stands as one of the 12 Jyotirlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known for its mesmerizing natural beauty and spiritual aura, this sacred abode holds deep significance for devotees seeking the divine blessings of Lord Shiva.

Mythological Legends and Significance of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Bhimashankar Temple derives its name from the ancient mythological tale associated with Lord Shiva’s incarnation as Bhima, known for his immense strength. According to legend, Lord Shiva appeared in the form of a fierce and majestic Jyotirlinga to vanquish the demon Tripurasura, who threatened peace and harmony in the universe. The temple’s location is believed to be the spot where Lord Shiva manifested his divine presence to protect and restore cosmic order.

Architectural Marvel and Sacred Surroundings of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Bhimashankar Temple stands as an architectural marvel, blending traditional Nagara-style and Hemadpanti architectural elements. The temple’s intricate carvings, ornate pillars, and exquisite sculptures create a mesmerizing visuals, transporting devotees into a realm of divinity and soulfullness.

Surrounded by lush greenery and cascading waterfalls, the temple is nestled in the Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary, providing a serene backdrop for spiritual awakening. The natural splendor and serene atmosphere further enhance the spiritual experience for pilgrims and seekers.

The Sacred Rituals of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The sanctum sanctorum of the Bhimashankar Temple houses the revered Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, representing Lord Shiva’s supreme cosmic energy. The linga is adorned with intricate jewelry and offerings.

Bhimashankar-Jyotirling-Shivling -HinduFAQs

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga: Pune, Maharashtra. Photo Credits: RVA Temples

Devotees engage in various rituals and prayers at the temple to seek the blessings and divine grace of Lord Shiva. The rhythmic chants of Vedic hymns, the fragrance of agarbatti and Dhoopam or Dhoop, and the resonating sounds of bells create an atmosphere charged with spiritual upliftment. The Abhishekam, the ceremonial bath of the linga with holy water, milk, and sacred substances, is performed with utmost devotion, symbolizing the purification of the devotee’s mind, body, and soul.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Essence of Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Bhimashankar Temple attracts devotees from far and wide, who embark on a sacred pilgrimage to seek spiritual solace and enlightenment. The serene surroundings and the divine energy permeating the temple inspire a deep sense of devotion and reverence.

The pilgrimage to Bhimashankar is not only a physical journey but also an inner transformation. The spiritual vibrations and the divine presence of Lord Shiva help seekers attain inner peace, dissolve worldly attachments, and experience the profound connection between the self and the supreme consciousness.

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Nashik, Maharashtra
The Sacred Abode of Lord Shiva – The Source of the Sacred Godavari River

Introduction of Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Located in the beautiful town of Trimbak in Maharashtra, the Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple holds immense spiritual significance as one of the 12 revered Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga,” this divine sanctuary not only represents the presence of Lord Shiva but also serves as the originating point of the sacred Godavari River. Let us embark on a spiritual journey to explore the ancient legends, architectural splendor, and the profound spiritual essence surrounding the Trimbakeshwar Temple.

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Nashik, Maharashtra
The Sacred Abode of Lord Shiva - The Source of the Sacred Godavari River - HD Wallpaper - Hindufaqs

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Nashik, Maharashtra: Photo Credits Wikipedia

Mythological Legends and Sacred Origins of Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is steeped in ancient mythology and legends. According to one popular belief, the sacred Godavari River is said to originate from a reservoir called the “Kushavarta Kund” located within the temple complex. It is believed that Lord Shiva himself released the Ganges River from his matted locks, which then flowed down to earth as the Godavari River, bestowing divine blessings upon the land.

The temple’s origin dates back to the ancient times, and its significance finds mention in sacred scriptures such as the Skanda Purana and the Shivapuran. Legends also narrate how Lord Shiva, in the form of Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, granted salvation to countless devotees who sought spiritual liberation.

Architectural Marvel and Sacred Rituals related to Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple stands as an architectural masterpiece, reflecting the Indo-Aryan style of architecture. The temple’s elaborate entrance, intricately carved walls, and ornate spires create a captivating sight for devotees and visitors. The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, which is believed to possess immense spiritual power and radiate divine energy.


Photo Credits:

Devotees flock from all over the world to the Trimbakeshwar Temple to engage in various rituals and seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. The Rudra-bhishek, a ceremonial bath of the linga with sacred substances like milk, water, honey, and sandalwood paste, is performed with deep reverence and devotion. The temple resonates with the enchanting sounds of Vedic chants, hymns, and prayers, creating an atmosphere charged with spiritual fervor.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple holds a special place in the hearts of pilgrims who undertake a sacred journey to seek spiritual solace and divine blessings. The temple’s serene surroundings, located between the lush greenery of the Brahmagiri Hills, provide a breath taking environment for introspection and contemplation.

Devotees believe that visiting the Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga Temple, taking a dip in the holy Kushavarta Kund, and offering prayers with utmost devotion can purify one’s soul and wash away sins. The pilgrimage to Trimbakeshwar is not only a physical endeavor but also a spiritual quest to experience the divine presence of Lord Shiva, leading to spiritual awakening and inner transformation.

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Aurangabad, Maharashtra
The Sacred Abode of Lord Shiva – Gateway to Divine Healing and Blessings

Introduction about Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Nestled in the serene town of Verul, Maharashtra, the Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple stands as one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga,” this ancient and sacred temple holds immense spiritual significance for devotees seeking divine healing, blessings, and spiritual upliftment. Let us embark on a spiritual journey to uncover the mystical legends, architectural splendor, and the profound spiritual essence surrounding the Grishneshwar Temple.

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple Aurangabad Maharashtra HinduFAQs

Image Source:

Mythological Legends and Divine Miracles related to Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is intertwined with captivating mythological legends that depict Lord Shiva’s divine grace and miraculous interventions. One popular legend tells the tale of a devout woman named Kusuma, who was childless and yearned for a child. Impressed by her unwavering devotion, Lord Shiva blessed her with a son at the Grishneshwar Temple. This divine intervention earned the temple its name, as “Grishneshwar” translates to “Lord of Compassion.”

Legends also narrate how Lord Shiva bestowed divine healing and restored the health of devotees who sought solace and liberation at the temple. The sacred space of Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is believed to be a powerful conduit for experiencing divine grace and blessings.

Architectural Marvel and Sacred Atmosphere of Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Grishneshwar Temple stands as a testimony to magnificent architectural work. The temple showcases beautiful delicate carvings, sculptured walls, and beautifully adorned spires that reflect the grandeur of ancient Indian temple architecture. The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga, emmiting an aura of divinity and tranquility.

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple - Inside gabhara Linga Photo - HinduFAQs

The temple’s serene atmosphere, adorned with fragrant flowers and resonating with Vedic chants, creates a sacred ambiance that invites devotees to surrender their minds and hearts to Lord Shiva. The divine energy permeating the temple’s surroundings instills a deep sense of devotion and reverence in the hearts of the seekers.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Pilgrims from far and wide undertake a sacred journey to the Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple, seeking divine blessings, spiritual solace, and liberation from worldly afflictions. Devotees believe that worshiping at this sacred abode can bestow prosperity, peace, and fulfillment in their lives.

The temple serves as a spiritual gateway for inner healing, where devotees can offer prayers, perform rituals, and seek divine guidance. The recitation of ancient Vedic mantras and hymns creates an atmosphere charged with spiritual vibrations, facilitating a profound connection between the individual soul and the supreme consciousness.

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple: Deoghar, Jharkhand
The Divine Abode of Lord Shiva – The Epitome of Healing and Well-being

Introduction of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Nestled in the ancient city of Deoghar in Jharkhand, the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple stands as one of the 12 Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga,” this sacred pilgrimage site holds deep spiritual significance as the abode of Lord Shiva, the divine healer and healer of health and well-being. Let us embark on a spiritual journey to unravel the captivating legends, architectural marvels, and the profound spiritual essence surrounding the Baidyanath Temple.

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple: Deoghar, Jharkhand
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple: Deoghar, Jharkhand

Photo Credits :

Mythological Legends and Healing Grace of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple is steeped in mythological legends that depict Lord Shiva’s role as the divine healer. According to ancient scriptures, Lord Shiva assumed the form of Baidyanath (the Divine Physician) to heal and protect the sufferings of humanity. It is believed that worshiping Lord Shiva in this form at the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple can restore divine healing, cure ailments, and restore overall well-being.

Legends also narrate how Lord Ravana, the mythical demon king, undertook a rigorous penance to seek Lord Shiva’s blessings at this sacred site. Impressed by his devotion, Lord Shiva granted Ravana a divine linga, which later became the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, symbolizing the eternal healing power of the divine.

Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple - Inside gabhara Linga Photo - HinduFAQs
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple – Inside gabhara Linga Photo – HinduFAQs

Phot Credits: Baidyanath Nagri

Architectural Splendor and Sacred Atmosphere of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple showcases exquisite architectural work, blending traditional North Indian and Mughal architectural styles. The temple complex features intricately carved walls, majestic domes, and beautifully adorned spires, all symbolizing the grandeur of divine presence.

Upon entering the temple, devotees are greeted by a serene and sacred atmosphere, resonating with the echoes of devotional chants and prayers. The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, radiating a divine aura that instills hope, faith, and healing energy in the hearts of devotees.

Rituals and Divine Offerings for Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Devotees engage in various rituals and offerings at the baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple to seek divine healing and well-being. The holy water from the Ganges River, also known as “jalabhishek,” is poured over the linga as a symbol of purification and the healing grace of Lord Shiva. Devotees also offer bilva leaves, flowers, and sacred chants to express their devotion and seek blessings for good health.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

The pilgrimage to the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple holds immense significance for devotees seeking healing, both physical and spiritual. It is believed that sincere prayers and offerings at this sacred abode can remove obstacles, and bring about complete well-being.

The spiritual journey to the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple allows devotees to deepen their connection with Lord Shiva as the ultimate healer and experience profound inner transformation. The serene surroundings and the divine energy of the temple serve as a catalyst for spiritual growth, healing, and self-realization.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Ujjain, Madhya pradesh
The Majestic Abode of Lord Shiva – The Eternal Protector and Destroyer of Time

Introduction of Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga:

Situated on the banks of the holy Kshipra River in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, the Mahakaleshwar Temple stands as one of the 12 Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga,” this ancient and sacred temple holds immense spiritual significance as the abode of Lord Shiva, the eternal protector and destroyer of time. Let us embark on a divine journey to explore the rich history, mystical legends, and the profound spiritual essence surrounding the Mahakaleshwar Temple.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Ujjain, Madhya pradesh
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: Ujjain, Madhya pradesh

Image Credits:

Mythological Legends and Timeless Grace of Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga:

The Mahakaleshwar Temple is steeped in captivating mythological legends that depict the awe-inspiring power and grace of Lord Shiva. According to ancient scriptures, Lord Shiva manifested in the form of Mahakaleshwar to protect the universe from evil forces and restore cosmic balance. It is believed that worshipping Mahakaleshwar at this sacred abode can grant liberation from the cycle of birth and death, symbolizing the eternal nature of time and the transcendence of worldly attachments.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple- Inside gabhara Mahakaleshwar Shiv Linga Photo - HinduFAQs
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple- Inside gabhara Mahakaleshwar Shiv Linga Photo – HinduFAQs

Photo Credits:

Legends also narrate how the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple witnessed numerous divine interventions and miraculous occurrences, amplifying the god’s presence and compassionate blessings of Lord Shiva. Devotees believe that Mahakaleshwar’s grace can bestow divine protection, spiritual awakening, and liberation from worldly illusions.

The Battle between Lord Shiva and Lord Yama:

A legend associated with the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga involves a fierce battle between Lord Shiva and Lord Yama, the god of death. It is believed that the ruler of Ujjain, Raja Chandrasena, once unknowingly disturbed a sage named Vriddhakar and his consort. In anger, the sage cursed the king with a deadly disease. In order to save the king, his wife, Queen Madhavi, performed intense penance to seek Lord Shiva’s intervention. Pleased with her devotion, Lord Shiva appeared and defeated Lord Yama, thus liberating the king from the curse. This event is believed to have occurred at the present site of the Mahakaleshwar temple.

The King Vikramaditya’s Association with Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

King Vikramaditya, a legendary ruler, is said to have played a significant role in the history of the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga. It is believed that he renovated and expanded the temple during his reign. He was a devout worshipper of Lord Shiva and made significant contributions to the temple’s development, making it one of the most prominent pilgrimage sites in India.

Architectural Splendor and Sacred Rituals associated with Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga:

The Mahakaleshwar Temple showcases beautiful architecture, with its towering spires, intricately carved walls, and majestic entrance gateways. The temple’s distinct Bhumija and Maru-Gurjara architectural styles reflect the rich cultural heritage of the region. The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, radiating a divine aura that mesmerizes devotees with its timeless presence.

Devotees flock to the temple to partake in sacred rituals and seek blessings from Mahakaleshwar. The Bhasma Aarti, a unique ritual where the deity is adorned with sacred ash, is performed daily in the early morning hours, creating a mystical atmosphere filled with devotion and reverence. The divine chants, hymns, and prayers reverberate through the temple, creating an environment charged with spiritual energy and devotion.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The pilgrimage to the Mahakaleshwar Temple holds immense spiritual significance for devotees seeking divine grace, protection, and liberation. The temple serves as a gateway to profound spiritual experiences and inner transformation. It is believed that a visit to the temple and sincere devotion can help seekers transcend the limitations of time and attain spiritual enlightenment.

The sacred city of Ujjain, with its association with Lord Shiva and its historical and cultural heritage, further adds to the spiritual significance of the Mahakaleshwar Temple. Pilgrims from far and wide undertake the journey to seek Mahakaleshwar’s blessings, immerse themselves in the divine vibrations, and connect with the eternal essence of Lord Shiva.

Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple: The Sacred Confluence of Devotion and Divinity – Uniting the Divine Energies of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati

Introduction of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

Nestled on the serene island of Mandhata in the Narmada River, Madhya Pradesh, the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple stands as a revered pilgrimage site dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as the “Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga,” this ancient temple holds immense spiritual significance as the abode of Lord Shiva, the supreme consciousness, and represents the cosmic union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Let us embark on a spiritual journey to discover the captivating legends, architectural marvels, and the profound spiritual essence surrounding the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple.

Legends and Divine Confluence of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Omkareshwar Temple is enshrined with captivating legends that depict the divine confluence of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. According to ancient scriptures, it is believed that Lord Shiva assumed the form of Omkareshwar (the Lord of Omkara) to appease the gods and goddesses and seek their blessings. The temple represents the eternal bond between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, symbolizing the harmonious blending of masculine and feminine energies, creation, and dissolution.

The sacred island of Omkareshwar is said to resemble the shape of the sacred syllable “Om,” representing the cosmic vibration and the primordial sound of the universe. It is believed that chanting the sacred sound of “Om” in the vicinity of the temple enhances spiritual vibrations and leads to self-realization.

The Legend of Vindhya Mountains:

According to Hindu mythology, there was once a rivalry between the Vindhya Mountains and the Mount Meru, both of whom were seeking supremacy. In their quest for dominance, the Vindhya Mountains performed severe penance to please Lord Shiva. Pleased with their devotion, Lord Shiva appeared before them and granted their wish to be known as Omkareshwar, the divine form of Lord Shiva himself. The temple derives its name from this legend.

The Tale of King Mandhata:

The island on which the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is situated is believed to be named after King Mandhata, an ancient ruler mentioned in Hindu scriptures. It is said that King Mandhata undertook a rigorous penance and worshiped Lord Shiva on this island, seeking his blessings and guidance. Lord Shiva was pleased with his devotion and granted him a boon, making the island sacred and declaring it as his abode.

The Divine Confluence of the Narmada and Kaveri Rivers:

One of the unique features of the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is its location at the confluence of the Narmada and Kaveri rivers. This confluence, known as the “Mamaleshwar Sangam,” is considered highly auspicious and is believed to possess immense spiritual energy. It is believed that taking a holy dip at this sacred confluence can cleanse sins and bestow blessings upon devotees.

The Miraculous Appearance of the Lingam:

Another legend associated with the temple tells the story of a devotee named Mandhata. He was an ardent follower of Lord Shiva but was childless. In his prayers, he pleaded for a child. Pleased with his devotion, Lord Shiva appeared before him and granted his wish. Lord Shiva transformed himself into a Jyotirlinga and blessed Mandhata. This divine lingam is believed to be enshrined in the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple.

Architectural Splendor and Sacred Significance of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple showcases exquisite architectural splendor, combining the Nagara and Dravidian architectural styles. The temple complex features intricately carved walls, magnificent spires, and ornate gateways, reflecting the grandeur of Indian temple architecture. The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, radiating an aura of divine energy and profound spirituality.

The sacred Narmada River flows around the island, forming two distinct hills, symbolizing the sacred presence of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Devotees undertake a parikrama (circumambulation) of the island, offering prayers and seeking blessings from the divine couple. The spiritual ambiance of the temple, coupled with the soothing sounds of the flowing river, creates a serene and sacred atmosphere for devotees to connect with the divine energies.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple:

The pilgrimage to the Omkareshwar Temple holds immense spiritual significance for devotees seeking divine blessings, spiritual awakening, and liberation. It is believed that sincere devotion and offerings at this sacred abode can bestow inner peace, harmony, and divine grace.

The island of Omkareshwar is considered one of the holiest sites in Hinduism, attracting pilgrims from far and wide. Devotees undertake rigorous penance, perform sacred rituals, and participate in religious festivals to deepen their connection with Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. The annual festival of Mahashivratri is celebrated with great fervor, where devotees engage in night-long prayers and immerse themselves in devotion and spiritual practices.

Kashi Vishwanath Temple: The Sacred Abode of Lord Shiva in the Spiritual Capital of India

Introduction of Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

On the banks of the sacred river Ganges in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, Kashi Vishwanath Temple stands as one of the 12 Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. Recognized as the “Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga,” this venerable temple carries immense spiritual weight as the dwelling of Lord Shiva, the supreme luminary and cosmic pillar of light. Let us embark on a spiritual sojourn to unravel the deep-seated history, intriguing myths, and the overwhelming spiritual ambiance that envelops the Kashi Vishwanath Temple.

Mythological Legends and the Spiritual Legacy of Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Kashi Vishwanath Temple is immersed in profound mythological tales that express the extraordinary power and grace of Lord Shiva. Ancient scriptures narrate that Lord Shiva manifested as Kashi Vishwanath to illuminate the universe with divine wisdom and light. Devotees believe that worshipping Kashi Vishwanath at this hallowed site can grant liberation from the cycle of life and death, signifying the transcendence of earthly attachments and realization of ultimate truth.

Kashi Vishwanath Temple has witnessed numerous divine manifestations and miraculous happenings, strengthening the devotees’ faith and reinforcing the ceaseless blessings of Lord Shiva. It’s believed that Vishwanath’s benevolence can confer divine protection, spiritual enlightenment, and liberation from materialistic illusions.

The Legend of Lord Shiva and the City of Light:

One prominent legend associated with the Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga involves Lord Shiva and the mystical city of light, Varanasi. It is said that Varanasi is the divine city of Lord Shiva and the center of spiritual wisdom. Shiva resided here and his potent light emanated, piercing through ignorance and darkness. The divine lighthouse, known as Vishwanath, is believed to have manifested in the place where the Kashi Vishwanath temple stands today.

Association of King Harishchandra with Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

King Harishchandra, a legendary ruler known for his honesty and integrity, is said to have been closely associated with the Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga. His story is a testament to the divine powers of the temple. Harishchandra was blessed by Lord Shiva after enduring many trials and tribulations, reinforcing the spiritual importance of Kashi Vishwanath temple as a place that grants divine blessings and transformation.

Architectural Grandeur and Sacred Rituals of Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Kashi Vishwanath Temple exhibits architectural grandeur with its towering spires, exquisitely sculpted walls, and magnificent entrance gateways. The temple’s sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, which exudes a divine aura that spellbinds devotees with its ever-present radiance.

Devotees visit the temple in droves to participate in sacred rituals and seek blessings from Kashi Vishwanath. The Ganga Aarti, a spiritual ritual that pays homage to the holy Ganges river, takes place every day, creating an ethereal ambiance filled with devotion and reverence. The divine chants, hymns, and prayers echo through the temple, enhancing its spiritual vitality and devotion.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple:

The pilgrimage to Kashi Vishwanath Temple holds immense spiritual importance for devotees seeking divine grace, protection, and liberation. The temple serves as a doorway to profound spiritual experiences and inner transformation. It is believed that a visit to the temple and earnest devotion can help individuals transcend worldly limitations and attain spiritual enlightenment.

Varanasi, with its historical and cultural heritage associated with Lord Shiva, further adds to the spiritual significance of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Pilgrims from various corners of the world undertake the journey to seek Vishwanath’s blessings, immerse themselves in divine vibrations, and connect with the eternal essence of Lord Shiva.

Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple: A Sacred Himalayan Abode of Lord Shiva’s Divine Presence

Introduction of Kedarnath Temple:

Nestled in the lofty Himalayan peaks in Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand, the Kedarnath Temple stands as one of the most sacred pilgrimage destinations for Hindus. Known as one of the 12 Jyotirlinga, Kedarnath Temple holds immense spiritual significance as the divine abode of Lord Shiva, often depicted as the transformative force of the universe. As we begin our spiritual journey, let’s delve into the rich history, enthralling legends, and the profound spiritual essence encompassing the Kedarnath Temple.

Enthralling Legends and Divine Aura of Kedarnath jyotirlingaTemple:

Steeped in awe-inspiring legends and ancient mythology, Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple symbolizes the omnipotent and merciful nature of Lord Shiva. As per the legends, the Pandavas, after the great Mahabharata war, sought Lord Shiva’s blessings for redemption from the sins committed during the war. Lord Shiva, disguised as a bull, took refuge in Kedarnath to evade the Pandavas. However, when Bhima, one of the Pandavas, tried to hold the bull by its tail and hind legs, it sank into the ground, leaving behind the hump on the surface. This conical projection is worshipped as the idol in the Kedarnath temple.

Another fascinating tale associated with Kedarnath Temple involves the construction of the temple. It is believed that the temple was initially built by the Pandavas, and later, Adi Shankaracharya, the great 8th-century philosopher and reformist, refurbished the current temple.

Adi Shankaracharya’s Samadhi near Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Near the Kedarnath temple, one can find the Samadhi or the final resting place of Adi Shankaracharya. It is believed that Shankaracharya took Samadhi at the young age of 32 after establishing the four ‘mathas’ in the four corners of India. The Samadhi site pays tribute to his remarkable contribution to Hindu philosophy and spirituality.

Architectural Grandeur and Sacred Rituals of Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple:

Constructed in a traditional Himalayan architectural style, the Kedarnath Temple showcases intricate carvings and stone-work. The structure is made of large, heavy, and evenly cut grey slabs of stones, bearing the harsh weather conditions of the region.

The sanctum sanctorum houses the revered Shiva Linga, which is worshipped as the hump of Lord Shiva in his bull form. The temple’s spiritual ambiance and serene surroundings, coupled with the enchanting chants and hymns, create an environment filled with spiritual energy and divine blessings.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Kedarnath Jyotirlinga Temple:

The pilgrimage to Kedarnath Temple is considered an arduous journey, as it involves trekking through challenging terrains, enduring harsh weather conditions, and overcoming physical and mental barriers. Yet, this journey is believed to be a spiritually transforming experience, signifying the human soul’s journey toward divine enlightenment.

Kedarnath is also part of the Chota Char Dham Yatra in Uttarakhand, which includes Yamunotri, Gangotri, and Badrinath. Undertaking this pilgrimage is considered a path to attain salvation or Moksha in Hinduism.

With its breathtakingly beautiful surroundings, the temple not only offers a spiritual retreat but also a chance to connect with nature. The mesmerizing views of the snow-clad Himalayas, the cascading river Mandakini, and the lush green forests, all add to the divine and serene experience that Kedarnath Temple offers.

Whether it’s the devout pilgrim seeking divine blessings or the passionate traveler intrigued by India’s rich cultural heritage and history, Kedarnath Temple stands as a symbol of spiritual enlightenment, resilience, and eternal devotion to the divine.

Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga Temple: A Sacred Pilgrimage to the Southern Abode of Lord Shiva

Introduction to Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga Temple:

Situated on the peaceful island of Rameshwaram, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, the Rameshwaram Temple, also known as Ramanathaswamy Temple, is a celebrated pilgrimage destination revered by Hindus worldwide. The temple venerates Lord Shiva and forms part of the sacred Char Dham pilgrimage, showcasing the diverse spiritual culture and architectural brilliance of India. Let’s embark on this spiritual sojourn, exploring the captivating history, fascinating legends, and the profound spiritual charm of Rameshwaram Temple.

Enchanting Legends and Holy Significance of Rameshwaram Temple:

Rameshwaram Temple is enshrined with engrossing myths and legends from the epic Ramayana. According to mythology, it’s the place where Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, constructed a bridge across the sea to Lanka to rescue Sita from the demon king Ravana.

Before launching the final battle against Ravana, Lord Rama wished to seek blessings from Lord Shiva. To this end, he asked Lord Hanuman to bring a Shiva Lingam from the Himalayas. However, when Hanuman was delayed, Sita made a Lingam out of the sand. This Lingam, called Ramalingam, is the main deity worshipped in the temple.

Lord Rama sanctified this place by worshipping Lord Shiva here, which has since been a sacred spot of worship, and hence, the name Rameshwaram (meaning “Lord of Rama” in Sanskrit).

Architectural Brilliance and Sacred Rituals of Rameshwaram Temple:

The Rameshwaram Temple exhibits the magnificent Dravidian style of architecture with intricately carved granite pillars, towering gopurams (temple towers), and expansive corridors. Notably, the temple boasts the world’s longest corridor among all Hindu temples. The corridor is adorned with around 1212 pillars, each elegantly designed and finely sculpted.

Ritualistic practices at the temple include a ceremonial bath in the 22 holy wells or ‘theerthams’ within the temple precincts, each believed to have medicinal properties. The act of bathing in these theerthams is considered to purify the devotee from sins and afflictions.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Rameshwaram Temple:

Rameshwaram Temple holds a vital place in Hinduism, being a part of the Char Dham pilgrimage, alongside Badrinath, Puri, and Dwarka. It is also associated with the Pancha Bhoota Stalam and Jyotirlinga, two important pilgrimage circuits of the Shaivites.

Moreover, Rameshwaram plays a pivotal role in the Sethu Yathra, a religious journey associated with performing last rites and rituals. It is believed that performing these rituals here brings peace to the souls of the ancestors.

Rameshwaram, with its serene beaches, vast ocean expanse, and the omnipresent spiritual tranquility, provides a unique blend of divine and natural beauty. The holistic environment, coupled with the echoing chants and hymns, fills the atmosphere with peace, mysticism, and spiritual fervor.

Rameshwaram Temple stands as a beacon of faith, spirituality, and devotion. Its sacred ambience and architectural splendour continue to enchant pilgrims and travelers alike, casting an everlasting impression on those who venture to this divine island city.

Mallikarjuna Temple: The Sacred Abode of Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati

Introduction to Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga:

Situated in the picturesque town of Srisailam on the lush Nallamala Hills in Andhra Pradesh, the Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, also known as Srisailam Temple, is a cherished pilgrimage destination, venerated by devotees across the globe. This ancient temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and forms a crucial part of the 12 Jyotirlinga pilgrimage in India. Let us journey into the entrancing world of Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga and delve into its riveting history, enthralling legends, and profound spiritual aura.

Captivating Legends and Divine Significance of Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga:

The enchanting lore of Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga originates from ancient Hindu scriptures. According to legend, Lord Ganesha was married before his brother Kartikeya, which upset the latter. Kartikeya left for the Kraunch Mountain in a huff. To pacify him, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati assumed the forms of Mallikarjuna and Bhramaramba respectively and resided on the Srisailam Mountain.

The Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is thus the form of Lord Shiva that resides eternally on the Srisailam Mountain. The temple also houses the Bhramaramba Devi, one of the eighteen Maha Shakti Peethas, making it a unique temple where both a Jyotirlinga and a Shakti Peetha can be worshipped together.

Architectural Grandeur and Sacred Rituals at Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga:

The temple is an epitome of the Vijayanagara architectural style, boasting intricately carved stone pillars, resplendent gopurams (temple towers), and an expansive courtyard. The main sanctum sanctorum houses the Jyotirlinga, worshipped as Mallikarjuna, and the shrine of Goddess Bhramaramba.

Devotees engage in various religious practices like Abhishekam, Archana, and Aarti, with profound devotion and reverence. Special rituals are conducted during festivals like Maha Shivaratri, Navaratri, and Karthika Pournami, attracting a multitude of pilgrims.

Pilgrimage and Spiritual Significance of Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga:

Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is not only part of the revered Jyotirlinga pilgrimage but also an essential stop in the Shakti Peetha, Pancharama Kshetras, and Astadasa Shakti Peethas circuits.

The serene natural surroundings, the calming chants reverberating in the air, and the spiritual energy that permeates the atmosphere makes Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga a spiritual haven. The divine vibes of the temple bestow peace upon the minds of the devotees, inspiring a sense of spiritual liberation and inner tranquility.

Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga stands as a profound testament to India’s rich spiritual heritage, its enigmatic myths, and architectural brilliance. The temple continues to lure pilgrims and tourists with its mesmerizing blend of divinity, serene ambience, and ethereal beauty, imparting an ineffable sense of peace and spirituality.

In Conclusion:

The 12 Jyotirlingas of India stand as profound pillars of the country’s profound spiritual history, reflecting the indelible footprints of divine energy of lord shiva, spread across its sacred landscape. Each Jyotirlinga, uniquely stands strong in different parts of India, ranging from the bustling cities to the tranquil mountains, narrates tales of divine interventions, ancient traditions, and enchanting legends. They echo the celestial tunes of spirituality, speaking volumes about India’s rich mythology, deep-rooted faith, and grand architectural splendor.

From the snow-clad peaks sheltering Kedarnath to the coastal tranquility of Rameshwaram, the deep forests of Srisailam hosting Mallikarjuna to the vibrant city of Varanasi reverberating with the energy of Vishwanath, each of these 12 Jyotirlingas offers a distinct spiritual experience. Each temple serves as a beacon of peace and spiritual awakening, attracting seekers from all walks of life. They offer solace, inspiration, and a profound sense of connection with the divine.

The spiritual journey across these 12 Jyotirlingas is not just a pilgrimage, but an expedition that instills serenity, invigorates the soul, and elevates one’s consciousness. It is a pilgrimage that offers a deeper understanding of India’s spiritual heritage, allows one to delve into the essence of devotion, and leaves one with an indelible imprint of divinity on their hearts.

The spiritual saga of the 12 Jyotirlingas thus unfolds, guiding seekers through the path of divine enlightenment and the eternal cosmic dance of creation, preservation, and dissolution. The aura of these sanctums continues to illuminate the spiritual paths of countless devotees, kindling in their hearts the eternal flame of faith, devotion, and spiritual bliss.

Om Namah Shivay

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The Upanishads are ancient Hindu scriptures that contain philosophical and spiritual teachings on a wide range of topics. They are considered to be some of the foundational texts of Hinduism and have had a significant influence on the religion. In this blog post, we will compare the Upanishads with other ancient spiritual texts.

One way in which the Upanishads can be compared with other ancient spiritual texts is in terms of their historical context. The Upanishads are part of the Vedas, a collection of ancient Hindu scriptures that are thought to date back to the 8th century BCE or earlier. They are considered to be among the oldest sacred texts in the world. Other ancient spiritual texts that are similar in terms of their historical context include the Tao Te Ching and the Analects of Confucius, both of which are ancient Chinese texts that are thought to date back to the 6th century BCE.

The Upanishads are considered to be the crown jewel of the Vedas and are seen as the most important and influential texts of the collection. They contain teachings on the nature of the self, the nature of the universe, and the nature of the ultimate reality. They explore the relationship between the individual self and the ultimate reality, and offer insights into the nature of consciousness and the role of the individual in the cosmos. The Upanishads are meant to be studied and discussed in the context of a guru-student relationship and are seen as a source of wisdom and insight into the nature of reality and the human condition.

Another way to compare the Upanishads with other ancient spiritual texts is in terms of their content and themes. The Upanishads contain philosophical and spiritual teachings that are intended to help people understand the nature of reality and their place in the world. They explore a wide range of topics, including the nature of the self, the nature of the universe, and the nature of the ultimate reality. Other ancient spiritual texts that explore similar themes include the Bhagavad Gita and the Tao Te Ching. The Bhagavad Gita is a Hindu text that contains teachings on the nature of the self and the ultimate reality, and the Tao Te Ching is a Chinese text that contains teachings on the nature of the universe and the role of the individual in the cosmos.

A third way to compare the Upanishads with other ancient spiritual texts is in terms of their influence and popularity. The Upanishads have had a significant influence on Hindu thought and have also been widely studied and revered in other religious and philosophical traditions. They are seen as a source of wisdom and insight into the nature of reality and the human condition. Other ancient spiritual texts that have had a similar level of influence and popularity include the Bhagavad Gita and the Tao Te Ching. These texts have also been widely studied and revered in various religious and philosophical traditions and are seen as sources of wisdom and insight.

Overall, the Upanishads are an important and influential ancient spiritual text that can be compared with other ancient spiritual texts in terms of their historical context, content and themes, and influence and popularity. They offer a rich source of spiritual and philosophical teachings that continue to be studied and revered by people around the world.

The Upanishads are ancient Hindu scriptures that are considered to be some of the foundational texts of Hinduism. They are part of the Vedas, a collection of ancient religious texts that form the basis of Hinduism. The Upanishads are written in Sanskrit and are thought to date back to the 8th century BCE or earlier. They are considered to be among the oldest sacred texts in the world and have had a significant influence on Hindu thought.

The word “Upanishad” means “sitting down near,” and refers to the practice of sitting near a spiritual teacher to receive instruction. The Upanishads are a collection of texts that contain the teachings of various spiritual masters. They are meant to be studied and discussed in the context of a guru-student relationship.

There are many different Upanishads, and they are divided into two categories: the older, “primary” Upanishads, and the later, “secondary” Upanishads.

The primary Upanishads are considered to be more foundational and are thought to contain the essence of the Vedas. There are ten primary Upanishads, and they are:

  1. Isha Upanishad
  2. Kena Upanishad
  3. Katha Upanishad
  4. Prashna Upanishad
  5. Mundaka Upanishad
  6. Mandukya Upanishad
  7. Taittiriya Upanishad
  8. Aitareya Upanishad
  9. Chandogya Upanishad
  10. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

The secondary Upanishads are more diverse in nature and cover a wider range of topics. There are many different secondary Upanishads, and they include texts such as

  1. Hamsa Upanishad
  2. Rudra Upanishad
  3. Mahanarayana Upanishad
  4. Paramahamsa Upanishad
  5. Narasimha Tapaniya Upanishad
  6. Advaya Taraka Upanishad
  7. Jabala Darsana Upanishad
  8. Darshana Upanishad
  9. Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad
  10. Yoga-Tattva Upanishad

These are just a few examples, and there are many other secondary Upanishads

The Upanishads contain philosophical and spiritual teachings that are intended to help people understand the nature of reality and their place in the world. They explore a wide range of topics, including the nature of the self, the nature of the universe, and the nature of the ultimate reality.

One of the key ideas found in the Upanishads is the concept of Brahman. Brahman is the ultimate reality and is seen as the source and sustenance of all things. It is described as being eternal, unchanging, and all-pervading. According to the Upanishads, the ultimate goal of human life is to realize the unity of the individual self (atman) with Brahman. This realization is known as moksha, or liberation.

Here are some examples of Sanskrit text from the Upanishads:

  1. “Aham brahmaasmi.” (From the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad) This phrase translates to “I am Brahman,” and reflects the belief that the individual self is ultimately one with the ultimate reality.
  2. “Tat tvam asi.” (From the Chandogya Upanishad) This phrase translates to “Thou art that,” and is similar in meaning to the above phrase, emphasizing the unity of the individual self with the ultimate reality.
  3. “Ayam atma brahma.” (From the Mandukya Upanishad) This phrase translates to “This self is Brahman,” and reflects the belief that the true nature of the self is the same as the ultimate reality.
  4. “Sarvam khalvidam brahma.” (From the Chandogya Upanishad) This phrase translates to “All this is Brahman,” and reflects the belief that the ultimate reality is present in all things.
  5. “Isha vasyam idam sarvam.” (From the Isha Upanishad) This phrase translates to “All this is pervaded by the Lord,” and reflects the belief that the ultimate reality is the ultimate source and sustainer of all things.

The Upanishads also teach the concept of reincarnation, the belief that the soul is reborn into a new body after death. The form that the soul takes in its next life is believed to be determined by the actions and thoughts of the previous life, a concept known as karma. The goal of the Upanishadic tradition is to break the cycle of reincarnation and achieve liberation.

Yoga and meditation are also important practices in the Upanishadic tradition. These practices are seen as a way to quiet the mind and achieve a state of inner peace and clarity. They are also believed to help the individual realize the unity of the self with the ultimate reality.

The Upanishads have had a significant influence on Hindu thought and have also been widely studied and revered in other religious and philosophical traditions. They are seen as a source of wisdom and insight into the nature of reality and the human condition. The teachings of the Upanishads continue to be studied and practiced by Hindus today and are an important part of the Hindu tradition.


What do we mean by Founder? When we say a founder, we mean to say that someone has brought into existence a new faith or formulated a set of religious beliefs, principles and practices which were not in existence before. That cannot happen with a faith such as Hinduism, which is considered eternal. According to the scriptures, Hinduism is the religion of not just humans. Even gods and demons practice it. Ishwar (Ishwara), the Lord of the universe, is its source. He also practices it. Hence, Hinduism is God’s Dharma, brought down to the earth, just as the sacred River Ganga, for the welfare of the humans.

Who is then the Founder of Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma)?

 Hinduism is not founded by a person or a prophet. Its source is God (Brahman) himself. Hence, it is considered an eternal religion (Sanatana dharma). Its first teachers were Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Brahma, the creator God revealed the secret knowledge of the Vedas to gods, humans and demons in the beginning of creation. He also imparted to them the secret knowledge of the Self, but due to their own limitations, they understood it in their own ways.

Vishnu is the preserver. He preserves the knowledge of Hinduism through countless manifestations, associated gods, aspects, saints and seers to ensure the order and regularity of the worlds. Through them, he also restores the lost knowledge of various Yogas or introduces new reforms. Further, whenever the Hindu Dharma declines beyond a point, he incarnates upon earth to restore it and revive its forgotten or lost teachings. Vishnu exemplifies the duties which humans are expected to perform upon earth in their individual capacity as householders within their spheres.

Shiva too plays an important role in upholding Hindu Dharma. As the destroyer, he removes the impurities and confusion that creeps into our sacred knowledge. He is also considered the universal teacher and the source of various art and dance forms (Lalitakalas), Yogas, vocations, sciences, farming, agriculture, alchemy, magic, healing, medicine, Tantra and so on.

Thus, like the mystic Ashvattha Tree which is mentioned in the Vedas, the roots of Hinduism are in heaven, and its branches are spread out on earth. Its core is divine knowledge, which governs the conduct of not only humans but also of the beings in other worlds with God acting as its creator, preserver, concealer, revealer and remover of obstacles. Its core philosophy (the shruti) is eternal, while it changing parts (smriti) keep changing according to the time and circumstances, and the progress of the world. Containing in itself the diversity of God’s creation, it remains open to all possibilities, modifications and future discoveries.

Also Read: Prajapatis – the 10 sons of Lord Brahma

Many other divinities such as Ganesha, Prajapati, Indra, Shakti, Narada, Saraswati and Lakshmi are also credited with the authorship of many scriptures. Apart from this, countless scholars, seers, sages, philosophers, gurus, ascetic movements and teacher traditions enriched Hinduism through their teachings, writings, commentaries, discourses and expositions. Thus, Hinduism is derived from many sources. Many of its beliefs and practices found their way into other religions, that either originated in India or interacted with it.

Since Hinduism has its roots in the eternal knowledge and its aims and purpose are closely aligned to those of God as the Creator of all, it is considered an eternal religion (Sanatana dharma). Hinduism may disappear from the face of the earth due to the impermanent nature of the world, but the sacred knowledge which forms its foundation will remain forever and keep manifesting in each cycle of creation under different names. It is also said that Hinduism has no founder and no missionary goals because people have to come to it either by providence (birth) or personal decision due to their spiritual readiness (past karma).

The name Hinduism, which is derived from the root word, “Sindhu” came into usage due to historical reasons. Hinduism as a conceptual entity did not exist until the British times. The word itself does not appear in literature until the 17th Century A.D. In medieval times, the Indian subcontinent was known as Hindustan or the land of Hindus. They were not all practising same faith, but different ones, which included Buddhism, Jainism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Brahmanism and several ascetic traditions, sects and sub sects.

The native traditions and the people who practiced Sanatana Dharma went by different names, but not as Hindus. During the British times, all the native faiths were grouped under the generic name, “Hinduism” to distinguish it from Islam and Christianity and to dispense with justice or settle local disputes, property and tax matters.

Subsequently, after the independence, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism were separated from it by enacting laws. Thus, the word Hinduism was born out of historical necessity and entered the constitutional laws of India through legislation.

Hinduism – Core Beliefs: Hinduism is not an organised religion, and its belief system has no single, structured approach to teaching it. Nor do Hindus, like the Ten Commandments, have a simple set of laws to obey. Throughout the Hindu world, local, regional, caste, and community-driven practices affect the understanding and practice of beliefs. Yet belief in a Supreme Being and adherence to certain principles such as Reality, dharma, and karma is a common thread across all these variations. And belief in the power of the Vedas (sacred scriptures) serves, to a large degree, as the very meaning of a Hindu, although it can differ greatly in how the Vedas are interpreted.

The major core beliefs that Hindus share includes the following listed below;

Hinduism Believes that Truth is Eternal.

Hindus are seeking knowledge and comprehension of the facts, the very existence of the world and the only truth. Truth is one, according to the Vedas, but it is expressed in a number of ways by the wise.

Hinduism Believes that Brahman is Truth and Reality.

As the only true God who is formless, infinite, all-inclusive, and eternal, Hindus believe in Brahman. Brahman which  is not an abstract in notion; it is a real entity that encompasses everything in the universe (seen and unseen).

Hinduism Believes that The Vedas are the Ultimate Authorities.

The Vedas are scriptures in Hindus containing revelations that ancient saints and sages have got. Hindus claim that the Vedas are without beginning and without end, the believe is that Vedas will remain until all else is destroyed in the universe (at the end of the period of time).

Hinduism Believes that Everyone Should Work Hard to Achieve Dharma.

The understanding of dharma concept allows one to understand the Hindu religion. No single English word, sadly, adequately covers its context. It is possible to define dharma as right conduct, fairness, moral law, and duty. Everyone who makes dharma central to one’s life seeks to do the right thing at all times, according to one’s duty and skills.

Hinduism Believes that Individual Souls are Immortal.

A Hindu claims that there is neither existence nor destruction of the individual soul (atman); it has been, it is, and it will be. The soul’s actions when living in a body require the same soul in a different body to reap the effects of those actions in the next life. The process of movement of the atman is known as transmigration from one body to another. Karma decides the kind of body the soul next inhabits (actions accumulated in previous lives).

The individual soul’s objective is moksha.

Moksha is liberation: the release of the soul from the death and rebirth period. It happens when, by recognize its true essence, the soul unites with Brahman. To this awareness and unification, many paths will lead: the path of obligation, the path of knowledge, and the path of devotion (unconditionally surrender to God).

Also Read: The Complete Story Of Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) The King Of Sindhu Kingdom

Hinduism – Core Beliefs: Other beliefs of Hinduism are:

  • Hindus believe in a single, all-pervading Supreme Being, both Creator and Unmanifest Reality, who is both immanent and transcendent.
  • Hindus believed in the divinity of the four Vedas, the most ancient scripture in the world, and as equally revealed, venerate the Agamas. These primordial hymns are the word of God and the cornerstone of the eternal faith, Sanatana Dharma.
  • Hindus conclude that infinite cycles of formation, preservation and dissolution are undergone by the universe.
  • Hindus believe in karma, the law of cause and effect by which each human, by his thoughts, words and deeds, creates his own destiny.
  • Hindus conclude that, after all karmas have been resolved, the soul reincarnates, developing over multiple births, and moksha, freedom from the rebirth cycle, is achieved. There will not be a single soul robbed of this destiny.
  • Hindus believe that there are supernatural forces in unknown worlds and that with these devas and gods, temple worship, rites, sacraments and personal devotionals create a communion.
  • Hindus believe that understanding the Transcendent Absolute is necessary to an enlightened lord, or satguru, as is personal discipline, good behavior, purification, pilgrimage, self-inquiry, meditation, and surrender to God.
  • In thought, word and deed, Hindus believe that all life is sacred, to be cherished and respected, and thus practice ahimsa, nonviolence.
  • Hindus believe that no religion, above all others, teaches the only way to redemption, but that all true paths are facets of the Light of God, worthy of tolerance and understanding.
  • Hinduism, the oldest religion in the world, has no beginning—it is followed by recorded history. It doesn’t have a human creator. It is a spiritual religion that leads the devotee to experience the Reality personally inside, eventually achieving the peak of consciousness where one is man and God.
  • There are four major denominations of Hinduism—Saivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism and Smartism.

We want to build on the ancient word “Hindu” from this writing-up. The Communist historians of India and the Western Indologists say that in the 8th century the word “Hindu” was coined by the Arabs and its roots were in the Persian tradition of replacing “S” with “H. The word “Hindu” or its derivatives were, however, used by many inscriptions over a thousand years older than this time. Also, in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat in India, not in Persia, the root of the word most probably lies. This particular interesting story is written by the uncle of Prophet Mohammed, Omar-bin-e-Hassham, who had written a poem to praise Lord Shiva.

There are so many websites saying that Kaba was an ancient temple of Shiva. They are still thinking what to make of these arguments, but the fact that the uncle of Prophet Mohammed wrote an ode to Lord Shiva is definitely incredible.

The anti-Hindu historians like Romila Thapar and D.N. The Antiquity and Origin of the Word ‘Hindu’ In the 8th century, Jha thought that the term ‘Hindu’ was given currency by the Arabs. However, they do not clarify the basis of their conclusion or cite any facts to support their argument. Not even Muslim Arab writers make such an exaggerated argument.

Another hypothesis advocated by European authors is that the term ‘Hindu’ is a ‘Sindhu’ Persian corruption arising from the Persian tradition of substituting ‘S’ with ‘H.’ No proof is cited even here. The word Persia itself actually contains ‘S’ which, if this theory was right, should have become ‘Perhia’.

In the light of epigraph and literary evidence available from Persian, Indian, Greek, Chinese and Arabic sources, the present paper discusses the above two theories. The evidence appears to support the hypothesis that ‘Hindu’ has been in use since the Vedic period like ‘Sindhu’ and that while ‘Hindu’ is a modified form of ‘Sindhu’ its root lies in the practice of pronouncing ‘H’ instead of ‘S’ in Saurashtran.

Epigraphic Evidence of the word Hindu

The Persian king Darius’s Hamadan, Persepolis and Naqsh-I-Rustam inscriptions mention a ‘Hidu’ population as included in his empire. The date of these inscriptions is between 520-485 B.C. This reality indicates that, more than 500 years before Christ, the word ‘Hi(n)du’ was present.

Xerexes, successor of Darius, gives names of countries under his control in his inscriptions at Persepolis. ‘Hidu’ requires a list. Xerexes ruled from 485-465 B.C. There are three figures above on a tomb in Persepolis in another inscription attributed to Artaxerexes (404-395 B.C.), which are labelled ‘iyam Qataguviya’ (this is Satygidian), ‘iyam Ga(n)dariya’ (this is Gandhara) and ‘iyam Hi(n)duviya’ (this is Hi(n)du). The Asokan (3rd century B.C.) inscriptions frequently use phrases such as ‘Hida’ for ‘India’ and ‘Hida loka’ for ‘Indian country’.

In the Ashokan inscriptions,’ Hida’ and her derived forms are used more than 70 times. For India, the Ashokan inscriptions determine the antiquity of the name ‘Hind’ to at least the third century B.C. The king has the titles shakanshah hind shakastan tuxaristan dabiran dabir, “king of Shakastan, minister of ministers of Hind Shakastan and Tukharistan,” in the Persepolis Pahlvi inscriptions of Shahpur II (310 A.D.).

The epigraphic evidence from the documents of the Achaemenid, Ashokan and Sasanian Pahlvi established a condition on the hypothesis that in the 8th century A.D. the word ‘Hindu’ originated in Arab use. The ancient history of the term ‘Hindu’ takes literary evidence back to at least 1000 B.C. Yeah, and maybe 5000 B.C.

Evidence from Pahlvi Avesta

Hapta-Hindu is used for Sanskrit Sapta-Sindhu in the Avesta, and the Avesta is dated between 5000-1000 B.C. It means that the word ‘Hindu’ is as old as the word ‘Sindhu.’ Sindhu is a concept used in the Rigveda by the Vedik. And thus, as old as the Rigveda,’ Hindu’ is. Veda Vyas talks of the visit of Veda Vyas to the court of Gustashp in the Avestan Gatha ‘Shatir’ 163rd verse and Veda Vyas introduces himself in the presence of Zorashtra saying ‘man marde am Hind jijad.’ (I am a man born in ‘Hind.’) Veda Vyas was an elder contemporary of Shri Krishna (3100 B.C.).

Greek Usage (Indoi)

The Greek word ‘Indoi’ is a softened ‘Hindu’ form where the original ‘H’ was dropped as there is no aspirate in the Greek alphabet. Hekataeus (late 6th century B.C.) and Herodotus (early 5th century B.C.) used this word ‘Indoi’ in Greek literature, thereby indicating that the Greeks used this ‘Hindu’ variant as early as in the  6th century B.C.

The Hebrew Bible (Hodu)

For India, the Hebrew bible make use of the word ‘Hodu’ which is a ‘Hindu’ Judaic type. Earlier than 300 B.C., the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) is considered Hebrew spoken in Israel today uses Hodu for India as well.

The Chinese Testimony (Hien-tu)

The Chinese used the word ‘Hien-tu’ for ‘Hindu’ around 100 B.C.11 When explaining the Sai-Wang (100 B.C.) movements, the Chinese annals note that the Sai-Wang went south and entered Ki-Pin by passing Hien-tu. Later Chinese travellers Fa-Hien (5th century A.D.) and Huen-Tsang (7th century A.D.) use a slightly changed ‘Yintu’ word, but the’ Hindu’ affinity is still retained. Until today, this word ‘Yintu’ continues to be used.

Also Read :

Pre-Islamic Arabic Literature

Sair-ul-Okul is an anthology of ancient Arabic poetry from the Makhtab-e-Sultania Turkish Library in Istanbul. A poem by Uncle Omar-bin-e-Hassham of the Prophet Mohammed is included in this anthology. The poem is Mahadev (Shiva) in praise, and uses ‘Hind’ for India and ‘Hindu’ for Indians. Here are some verses quoted:

Wa Abaloha ajabu armeeman Mahadevo Manojail ilamuddin minhum wa sayattaru If, with dedication, one worships Mahadev, the ultimate redemption will be achieved.

Kamil Hinda e Yauman, Wa Yakulam na latabahan foeennak Tawajjaru, wa sahabi Kay yam feema. (Oh Lord, grant me a day’s stay in Hind, where spiritual bliss can be attained.)

Massayare akhalakan hasanan Kullahum, Summa gabul Hindu najumam aja. (But one pilgrimage is worthy of all, and the company of great Hindu saints.)

Another poem by Labi-bin-e Akhtab bin-e Turfa has the same anthology, which is dated 2300 years before Mohammed, i.e. 1700 B.C. ‘Hind’ for India and ‘Hindu’ for Indians are also used in this poem. The four Vedas, Sama, Yajur, Rig and Athar, are also mentioned in the poem. This poem is quoted in columns in New Delhi’s Laxmi Narayan Mandir, commonly known as Birla Mandir (Temple). Some verses are as follows:

Hinda e, wa aradakallha manyonaifail jikaratun, Aya muwarekal araj yushaiya noha minar. (O Hind’s Divine Country, blessed art thou, thou art the chosen land of divine knowledge.)

Wahalatjali Yatun ainana Sahabi akhatun jikra, Hindatun minal Wahajayahi yonajjalur rasu. (That celebratory knowledge shines with such brilliance in the fourfold abundance of the words of the Hindu saints.)

Yakuloonallaha ya ahlal araf alameen kullahum, Veda bukkun malam yonajjaylatun fattabe-u jikaratul. (God enjoins all, follows the direction shown by Veda with divine awareness with devotion.)

Wahowa alamus Sama wal Yajur minallahay Tanajeelan, Yobasshariyona jatun, Fa e noma ya akhigo mutibayan. (Sama and Yajur for Man are filled with wisdom, brothers, following the path that leads you to salvation.)

The two Rigs and Athar(va) also teach us brotherhood, sheltering their lust, dissipating darkness. Wa isa nain huma Rig Athar nasahin ka Khuwatun, Wa asanat Ala-udan wabowa masha e ratun.

Disclaimer: The information above is collected from various sites and discussion forums. There are no solid evidences which will back any of the above points.

Akshaya Tritiya

The Hindu and Jains celebrate Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akti or Akha Teej, every spring. The third Tithi (lunar day) of Vaisakha month’s Bright Half (Shukla Paksha) falls on this day. Hindus and Jains in India and Nepal celebrate it as the “third day of unending prosperity,” and it is regarded as an auspicious moment.

“Akshay” means “never-endingness” in the sense of “prosperity, hope, joy, and accomplishment” in Sanskrit, while Tritiya means “third phase of the moon” in Sanskrit. It is named after the “third lunar day” of the Hindu calendar’s spring month of Vaisakha, on which it is observed.

The festival date changes each year and is determined by the lunisolar Hindu calendar, which falls in April or May on the Gregorian calendar.

The Jain tradition

It commemorates the first Tirthankara’s ( Lord Rishabhdev ) one-year asceticism by drinking sugarcane juice poured into his cupped hands in Jainism. Varshi Tapa is the name given to the festival by some Jains. Jains observe fasting and ascetic austerities, especially at pilgrimage sites such as Palitana (Gujarat).

On this day, people who practice Varshi-tap, a year-long alternate day fasting, finish their Tapasya by doing parana, or drinking sugarcane juice.

In the Hindu tradition

In many parts of India, Hindus and Jains consider the day auspicious for new projects, marriages, large investments such as gold or other lands, and any new beginnings. It’s also a day to remember loved ones who have passed away. The day is important in the area for women, married or single, who pray for the well-being of the men in their lives or for the man they may in the future get an affiliated to. They distribute germinating gramme (sprouts), fresh fruits, and Indian sweets after the prayers. When Akshaya Tritiya happens on a Monday (Rohini), it is thought to be even more auspicious. Another festive tradition is fasting, charity, and supporting others on this day. The presentation of Akshaya Patra to Draupadi by God Krishna during the visit of Sage Durvasa is very important, and is connected to the festival’s name. The princely Pandavas were hungry due to a lack of food, and their wife Draupadi was distressed due to a lack of food for customary hospitality to their numerous saintly guests during their exile in the forests.

The oldest, Yudishtira, did penance to Lord Surya, who gave him this bowl that would stay full until Draupadi ate. God Krishna made this bowl invincible for Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandavas, during sage Durvasa’s visit, so that the magical bowl known as Akshaya Patram will always be filled with food of their choosing, even enough to satiate the entire universe if necessary.

In Hinduism, Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated as the birthday of Parshuram, Vishnu’s sixth incarnation, who is worshiped in Vaishnava temples. The festival is often referred to as ParshuramJayanti by those who celebrate it in Parasurama’s honour. Others, on the other hand, devote their worship to Vishnu’s avatar Vasudeva. On Akshaya Tritiya, Ved Vyasa, according to legend, started reciting the Hindu epic Mahabharata to Ganesha.

On this day, according to another legend, the Ganges river descended to earth. After closure during the Himalayan winters, the Yamunotri and Gangotri temples are reopened on the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritiya, during the Chota Char Dham pilgrimage. On Abhijit Muhurat of Akshay Tritiya, the temples are opened.

Sudama is also said to have visited his childhood friend Lord Krishna in Dwarka on this day and earned limitless money. Kubera is also said to have earned his wealth and title of ‘Lord of Wealth’ on this auspicious day. In Odisha, Akshaya Tritiya marks the beginning of paddy sowing for the upcoming Kharif season. Farmers begin the day by performing ceremonial worship of Mother Earth, bullocks, and other traditional farm equipment and seeds in order to obtain blessings for a successful harvest.

Sowing paddy seeds as a symbolic start for the state’s most significant Kharif crop takes place after the fields have been ploughed. This ritual is known as Akhi Muthi Anukula (Akhi – Akshaya Tritiya; Muthi – fistful of paddy; Anukula – commencement or inauguration) and is widely observed throughout the state. Due to ceremonial Akhi Muthi Anukula programmes organized by farmers organisations and political parties in recent years, the event has received a lot of attention. The building of chariots for the Jagannath Temple’s Ratha Yatra festivities begins on this day in Puri.

God Vishnu, the Hindu Trinity’s preserver God, is in charge of Akshaya Tritiya Day. Treta Yuga started on Akshaya Tritiya Day, according to Hindu mythology. Usually, Akshaya Tritiya and Parshuram Jayanti, Lord Vishnu’s 6th incarnation’s birthday anniversary, fall on the same day, but depending on the Tritiya Tithi’s starting time, Parshuram Jayanti will fall one day before Akshaya Tritiya.

Akshaya Tritiya is also considered an auspicious day by Vedic astrologers, as it is free of all malefic effects. According to Hindu Astrology, the three lunar days of Yugadi, Akshaya Tritiya, and Vijay Dashami do not need any Muhurta to begin or complete any auspicious work because they are free of all malefic effects.

What People Do on The Festival Day

Since this festival is being celebrated as the festival of unending prosperity, people do set aside the day to buy cars or high-end household electronics. According to scriptures, chanting prayers dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Ganesha, or the household deity brings ‘eternal’ good fortune. On Akshaya Tritiya, people also perform Pitra Tarpan, or pay homage to their forefathers. The believe was that the god they worship will bring evaluating and an unending prosperity and joy.

What is the Importance of the Festival

This festival is significant since it is commonly believed that Lord Parshuram, Vishnu’s sixth incarnation, was born on this day.

Due to this believe, that was why people buy expensive and household electronics, Gold and lots of sweets on the day.

Gold vector created by freepik –

Who is Jayadratha?

King Jayadratha was the king of Sindhu, the son of King Vridhakshatra, husband of Dussla, the only daughter of King Dritarastra and Queen Gandhari of Hastinapur. He had  two other wives apart from Dushala , princess of Gandhara and the princess from Kamboja. His son’s name is Surath. He has a very short but very important part in Mahabharata as an evil guy, who was indirectly responsible for the demise of Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna, the third Pandava. His other names were Sindhuraja, Saindhava, Sauvira, Sauviraja,Sindhuraṭ and Sindhusauvirabharta.The word Jayadratha in sanskrit consists of two words- Jaya means Victorious and ratha means chariots. So jayadratha means having Victorious chariots.Some lesser know fact about him is, Jayadratha was also present in the game of dice, during defamation of Draupadi.

Birth of Jayadratha and the boon 

King of Sindhu, Vridhakshatra once heard a prophecy, that his son Jayadratha might get killed. Vridhakshatra, being scared for his only son became scared and went to jungle to do tapasya and penance and became a sage. His motive was to achieve the boon of complete immortality, but he failed. By his tapasya, he could only receive a boon that Jayadratha would become a very famous king and the person who will cause Jayadratha’s head to fall to the ground, that person’s head get divided into thousand pieces and will die. King Vridhakshatra was relieved. He made Jayadratha, the King of Sindhu at a very young age and went in the jungle to practice penance.

Dushala’s marriage with Jayadratha

It is believed that Dushala was married of to Jayadratha to form a political alliance with the Sindhu kingdom and Maratha kingdom. But the marriage wasn’t a happy marriage at all. Not only Jayadratha married two other women, but also, he was disrespectful and uncivil towards women in general.

Draupadi’s abduction by Jayadratha

Jayadratha was sworn enemy of Pandavas, the reason of this enmity is not hard to guess. They were were rivals of Duryadhana , brother of his wife. And also, king Jayadratha was also present in Princess Draupadi’s swambara. He was obsessed with Draupadi’s beauty and was desperate to get her hand in marriage. But instead, Arjuna, the third Pandava was the one who married Draupadi and later other four Pandavas also married her. So, Jayadratha had casted an evil eye on Draupadi from a long time ago.

One day, during the Pandava’s time in forest, after losing everything in the evil game of dice, they were staying in the Kamakya forest, Pandavas went for hunting , keeping Draupadi under the guardianship of a sage named Dhauma, the ashram Trinabindu. At that time, King Jayadratha was passing through the forest along with his advisers, ministers and armies, marching towards kingdom of Salva, for her marriage of her daughter. He suddenly spotted Draupadi, standing against Kadamba tree, watching the procession of army. He couldn’t recognise her due her very simple attire, but was mesmerised by her beauty. Jayadratha sent his very close friend Kotikasya to enquire about her.

Kotikasya went to her and asked her what is her identity, is she an earthly woman or some apsara( devine woman, who danced at gods courtroom). Was she Sachi, the wife of Lord Indra, came here for some diversion and change of air. How was she so beautiful. Who was so fortunate to get someone so beautiful to be his wife.He gave his identity as Kotikasya, a close friend of Jayadratha. He also told her that Jayadratha was mesmerised by her beauty and told him to fetch her. Draupadi was startled but quickly composed herself. She stated her identity, telling that she was Draupadi, the wife of Pandavas , in other words, Jayadratha’s brother-in-laws. She told, as Kotikasya now knows her identity and her family relations, she would expect Kotikasya and Jayadratha to give her deserved respect and follow the royal etiquettes of manners, speech and action. She also told that for now they can enjoy her hospitality and wait for Pandavas to come . They would arrive soon.

Kotikasya went back to king Jayadratha and told him that the beautiful lady which Jayadratha so eagerly wanted to meet, was no other than queen Draupadi, wife of Panch Pandavas. Evil Jayadratha wanted to take the opportunity of Pandavas absence, and fulfill his desires. King Jayadratha went to the ashram. Devi Draupadi, at first, was very happy to see Jayadratha, the husband of Pandavas and Kaurava’s only sister Dushala. She wanted to give him warm welcome and hospitality, untill the arrival of Pandavas. But Jayadratha ignored all the hospitality and Royal etiquettes and started making Draupadi uncomfortable by praising her beauty. Then Jayadratha hounded on Draupadi telling most beautiful woman on earth, the princess of Panch, should not waste her beauty, youth and loveliness in the forest by staying with shameless beggars like Panch Pandavas. Rather she should be with powerful king like him and only that suits her. He tried to manipulate Draupadi to leave with him and marry him because only he deserves him and he would treat her like only queen of her hearts. Sensing where the things are going, Draupadi decided to kill time by talking and warnings till Pandavas arrive. She warned Jayadratha that she is the royal wife of his wife’s family, so she is also related to him, and it is expected of him to desire and try to woo a family lady. She added that she was very happily married with Pandavas and also mother of their five children.He should try and control himself, be decent and maintain a decorum, or else, he would had to face severe consequences of his evil action, as Panch Pandavas would not spare him. Jayadratha became more desperate and told Draupadi to stopped talking and follow him to his chariot and leave with him. Draupadi became furious after observing his audacity and glared at him. She, with sterned eyes, told him to get out of the ashram. Getting refused again, Jayadratha’s desperation reached at peak and he took a very hasty and evil decision. He dragged Draupadi from ashram and forcefully took her to his chariot and left. Draupadi was crying and lamenting and shouting for help at the peak of her voice . Hearing that, Dhauma rushed out and followed their chariot like a mad man.

Meanwhile, Pandavas returned from hunting and food gathering. Their maid Dhatreyika informed them about abduction of their dear wife Draupadi by their brother in law King Jayadratha. Pandavas became furious. After being well equipped they traced the chariot in the direction shown by the maid, successfully chased them, easily defeated Jayadratha’s whole army, caught Jayadratha and rescued Draupadi. Draupadi wanted him to die.

Humiliation of King Jayadratha by Panch Pandavas as punishment

After rescuing Draupadi, they captivated Jayadratha. Bhima and Arjuna wanted to kill him, but Dharmaputra Yudhisthira, the eldest of them, wanted Jayadratha to be alive, because his kind heart thought of their only sister Dussala, as she would have to suffer a lot if Jayadratha died. Devi Draupadi also agreed. But Bhima and Arjuna didn’t wanted to leave Jayadratha that easily. So Jayadratha was given a good bearings with frequent punches and kicks. Adding a feather to Jayadratha’s humiliation, Pandavas shaved his head saving five tufts of hair, which will remind everyone of how strong Panch Pandavas were. Bhima left Jayadratha on one condition, he would had to bow down before Yudhisthira and had to declare himself as slave of Pandavas and would have that to everyone, the assembly of kings upon returning. Though feeling humiliated and fuming with anger, he was scared for his life, so obeying Bhima, he knelt before Yudhisthira. Yudhisthira smiled and forgave him. Draupadi was satisfied. Then Pandavas released him. Jayadratha hadn’t felt so much insulted and humiliated his entire life. He was fuming with anger and his evil mind wanted severe revenge.

The boon given by Shiva

Of course after such humiliation, He could not return to his kingdom, specially with some appearance. He went straight to the mouth of Ganges to do tapasya and penance to acquire more power. By his tapasya, he pleased Lord Shiva and Shiva asked him to want for a boon. Jayadratha wanted to kill the Pandavas. Shiva said that will be impossible for anyone to do. Then Jayadratha said that he wanted to defeat them in a war. Lord Shiva said, it will be impossible to defeat Arjuna, even by the gods. Finally Lord Shiva gave a boon that Jayadratha would be able to hold back and restrain all the attacks of Pandavas except Arjuna for only one day.

This boon from Shiva played a huge role in the war of Kurukshetra.

Indirect role of Jayadratha in the cruel death of Abhimanyu

In the thirteenth day of war of Kurukshetra, Kaurava’s had aligned their soldiers in form of Chakravyuh. It was the most dangerous alignment and only greatest of the great soldiers knew how to enter and successfully exit the Chakravyuh. In the side of Pandavas, only Arjun and Lord Krishna knew how to enter, destroy and exit vyuh. But that day, as per Shakuni, the maternal uncle of Duryadhana’s plan, they asked Susharma, the king of Trigat to brutally attack Virat, the king of Matsya, to distract Arjuna. It was under the palace of Virat, where Panch Pandavas and Draupadi had his themselves while the last year of exile. So, Arjuna felt obligated to rescue king Virat and also Susharma had challenged Arjuna in a one on one battle. In those days, ignoring challenge wasn’t a warrior’s thing. So Arjuna decided to go in the other side of Kurukshetra to help king Virat, warning his brothers not to enter the Chakravyuh, untill he returns and engage the Kauravas in small battles outside the Chakravyuh.

Arjuna became really busy with the war and seeing no signs of Arjun, Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna and Subhadra, a great warrior at the age of sixteen, decided to enter the Chakravyuhyuh.

One day, when Subhadra was pregnant with Abhimanyu, Arjun was narrating Subhadra how to enter Chakravyuh. Abhimanyu could hear the process from his mother’s womb. But after sometime Subhadra fell asleep and so Arjuna stopped narrating. So Abhimanyu didn’t knew how to exit Chakravyuh safely

Their plan was, Abhimanyu would enter Chakravyuh through one of the seven entrance, followed by other four Pandavas, they would protect each other, and fight together in the centre untill Arjuna arrives. Abhimanyu successfully entered the Chakravyuh, but Jayadratha, being on that entrance stopped Pandavas. He used the boon given by Lord Shiva. No matter how much Pandavas caused, Jayadratha stopped them successfully. And Abhimanyu was left alone in the Chakravyuh in front of all the greatest of the great warriors. Abhimanyu was brutally killed by everyone of the opposition. Jayadratha made Pandavas watch the painful scene, keeping them helpless for that day.

Death of Jayadratha by Arjuna

Arjun upon returning, heard the unfair and brutal demise of his beloved son, and specially blamed Jayadratha as he felt betrayed. Pandavas didn’t kill Jayadratha when he tried to abduct Draupadi and forgave him. But Jayadratha was the reason, other Pandavas couldn’t enter and save Abhimanyu. So angry took an dangerous oath. He said that if he couldn’t kill Jayadratha by the next day’s sunset, he himself will jump into the fire and give up his life.

Hearing such a fierce oath, ever great warrior decided to protect Jayadratha by creating Sakata vyuh in the front and Padma vyuh in the back.Inside Padma vyuh, Dronacharya, the commander in chief of Kauravas, made another vyuh, named Suchi and kept Jayadratha in the middle of that vyuh. Through out the day, all the great warriors like Dronacharya, karna , Duryadhana’s kept guarding Jayadratha and distracted Arjuna. Krishna observed that it was almost the time of sunset. Krishna eclipsed the sun using his Sudarshana chakra and everyone thought sun has set. Kauravas became very happy. Jayadratha was relieved and came out to see that it was really the end of the day, Arjuna took that chance. He invoked Pasupat weapon and killed Jayadratha.

Surya Namaskar, a sequence of 12 strong yoga asanas (postures) that provide a good cardiovascular workout, is the solution if you’re short on time and looking for a single mantra to stay healthy. Surya Namaskars, which literally translates to “Sun Salutation,” are a great way to keep your body in shape while still keeping your mind calm and stable.

Surya Namaskar is best performed first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach. Let’s start our journey to better health with these easy-to-follow Sun Salutation steps.

Sun Salutation is divided into two sets, each of which consists of 12 yoga poses. You can come across many different versions on how to perform Sun Salutation. For the best performance, however, it is best to stick to one edition and practise it on a regular basis.

Surya Namaskar not only promotes good health, but it also allows you to express gratitude to the sun for sustaining life on this planet. For 10 days in succession, it is better to start each day with a sense of grace and gratitude for the sun’s energy.

After 12 rounds of Sun Salutations, then alternate between other yoga poses and yoga nidra. You might find that this becomes your daily mantra for staying healthy, happy, and calm.

The Origin of Surya Namaskar

The King of Aundh is said to have been the first to implement sun salutations. He noted that during his reign in Maharashtra, India, this sequence must be preserved on a regular basis and without fail. Whether or not this story is real, the roots of this practice can be traced back to that area, and Surya Namaskar is the most common type of exercise to begin each day.

Many schools in India now teach and practice yoga to all of their students, and they begin their days with the lovely and poetic set of exercises known as sun salutations.

Also Read : What is yoga?

Salutations to the Sun is the literal translation of the phrase “Surya Namaskar.” However, a closer examination of its etymological context reveals a deeper meaning. “I bow my head in full appreciation and give myself to you wholeheartedly without being biassed or partial,” says the word “Namaskar.” Surya is a Sanskrit word that means “one who extends and illuminates the earth.”

As a result, when we perform Surya Namaskar, we bow in reverence to the one who illuminates the universe.

 The 12 Steps of Surya Namaskar are Discussed Below;

1. Pranamasana (Prayer pose)

Stand at the mat’s edge, keeping your feet together and distributing your weight evenly on both feet.

Relax your shoulders and expand your chest.

Lift your arms up from the sides as you inhale, and put your hands together in front of your chest in prayer posture as you exhale.

2. Hastauttanasana (Raised Arms pose)

Lift the arms up and back while breathing in, holding the biceps close to the ears. The goal is to stretch the entire body up from the heels to the tips of the fingers in this pose.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

You should move your pelvis forward a little. Make sure you’re reaching out with your fingertips instead of bending backwards.

3. Hasta Padasana (Hand to Foot pose)

Bend forward from the hip, holding the spine upright, while exhaling. Bring your hands down to the floor beside your feet as you absolutely exhale.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

If required, bend the knees to bring the palms down to the floor. Straighten your knees with a gentle effort. It’s a safe idea to hold the hands in this place and not move them until the sequence is completed.

4. Ashwa Sanchalanasanan (Equestrian pose)

Push your right leg back as far as you can when breathing in. Bring your right knee to the floor and raise your head.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Make sure the left foot is precisely in the middle of the palms.

5. Dandasana (Stick pose)

When you inhale, pull your left leg back and your whole body into a straight line.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Maintain a perpendicular relationship between your arms and the floor.

6. Ashtanga Namaskara (Salute With Eight Parts Or Points)

Exhale as you gently lower your knees to the floor. Slightly lower your hips, slide forward, and rest your chest and chin on the surface. Raise your backside a smidgeon.

The two hands, two feet, two knees, the stomach, and the chin are all involved (eight parts of the body touch the floor).

7.Bhujangasana (Cobra pose)

As you slide forward, lift your chest into the Cobra position. In this position, you should keep your elbows bent and your shoulders away from your ears. Take a look up.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Make a gentle effort to force your chest forward as you inhale, and a gentle effort to push your navel down as you exhale. Tuck your toes in. Make sure you’re stretching as far as you can without straining.

8. Parvatasana (Mountain pose)

In a ‘inverted V’ stance, exhale and raise the hips and tailbone up, shoulders down.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Keeping the heels on the ground and making a gentle effort to raise the tailbone up will allow you to go deeper into the stretch.

9. Ashwa Sanchalanasana (Equestrian pose)

Inhale deeply and step the right foot forward between the two palms, lowering the left knee to the floor, pressing the hips forward and looking up.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Place the right foot in the exact middle of the two hands, with the right calf perpendicular to the ground. To deepen the stretch, gently lower the hips down towards the floor when in this position.

10. Hasta Padasana (Hand to Foot pose)

Exhale and step forward with your left foot. Keep your palms flat on the ground. If possible, you can bend your knees.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Straighten your knees gently and, if possible, try to touch your nose to your knees. Continue to breathe normally.

11. Hastauttanasana (Raised Arms pose)

Inhale deeply, roll your spine forward, raise your palms, and bend backwards a little, turning your hips slightly outward.

How can this yoga stretch be made more intense?

Make sure your biceps are parallel to your ears. Rather than stretching backwards, the aim is to stretch up further.

12. Tadasana

When you exhale, straighten your body first, then lower your arms. Relax in this place and pay attention to your body’s sensations.


Many people believe that the ‘Surya Namaskar’, or sun salutation as it is known in English, is simply a back and muscle strengthening exercise.

However, many people are unaware that it is a full workout for the whole body that does not require the use of any equipment. It also helps us break away from our mundane and exhausting daily routines.

Surya Namaskar, when performed correctly and at the appropriate time, can completely transform your life. It may take a little longer for results to appear, but the skin will soon be detoxed like never before. Surya Namaskar increases the size of your solar plexus, which improves your imagination, intuition, decision-making, leadership ability, and self-confidence.

While Surya Namaskar can be performed at any time of day, the best and most beneficial time is at sunrise, when the sun’s rays revitalize your body and clear your mind. Practicing it in the afternoon immediately energises the body, although doing it at dusk helps you relax.

Surya Namaskar has many advantages, including weight loss, glowing skin, and improved digestion. It also ensures a daily menstrual cycle. Reduces blood sugar levels, reduces anxiety, and aids in the detoxification of the body also, Insomnia is fought.


You must take care of your neck when performing the postures so that it does not float backwards behind your arms, as this may cause severe neck injury. It’s also a good idea to avoid bending over abruptly or without stretching because this can strain the back muscles.

  1. What Are The do’s and don’t of Surya Namaskar.

    1. To maintain proper body posture when holding the asanas, carefully obey the directions.
    2. To get the most out of the experience, make sure to breathe properly and rhythmically.
    3. Breaking the flow of the steps, which is designed to function in a flow, can result in delayed results.
    4. Do regular practise to acclimate your body to the process and, as a result, develop your skills.
    5. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and energised during the process.

    1. Attempting to maintain complicated postures for an extended period of time will result in injury.
    2. Don’t start with too many repetitions; gradually increase the number of cycles as your body becomes more accustomed to the asanas.
    3. It’s important not to get distracted while keeping the postures because this will prevent you from having the best results.
    4. Wearing clothing that is too tight or too baggy can make it difficult to maintain the postures. 5. When performing Surya Namaskar, dress comfortably.

Number of Rounds One Can Do in a Day.

Doing at least 12 rounds of Surya Namaskars every day is a good idea (one set consists of two rounds).

If you’re new to yoga, start with two to four rounds and work your way up to as many as you can comfortably do (even up to 108 if you’re up to it!). The practise is best performed in sets.

What is Holika Dahan?

Holi is a colourful festival that celebrates passion, laughter, and happiness. The festival, which takes place every year in the Hindu month of Phalguna, heralds the arrival of spring. Holi Dahan is the day preceding Holi. On this day, people in their neighbourhood light a bonfire and sing and dance around it. Holika Dahan is more than just a festival in the Hindu religion; it symbolises the victory of good over evil. Here’s what you need to hear about this critical case.

Holika Dahan is a Hindu festival that takes place on the Purnima Tithi (Full Moon Night) of the Phalguna month, which typically falls in March or April.

Holika was a demon and the granddaughter of King Hiranyakashipu, as well as Prahlad’s aunt. The pyre is lit the night before Holi, symbolising Holika Dahan. People gather around the fire to sing and dance. The next day, people celebrate Holi, the colourful holiday. You might be wondering why a demon is worshipped during the festival. Holika is thought to have been created to fend off all fears. She was a sign of strength, riches, and prosperity, and she had the ability to bestow these blessings on her devotees. As a result, before Holika Dahan, Holika is worshipped alongside Prahlada.

Holi Dahan, Holi Bonfire
People walking in circle, praising the bonfire

Story of Holika Dahan

According to the Bhagavat Purana, Hiranyakashipu was a king who, in order to fulfil his wish, performed the requisite Tapas (penance) before Brahma granted him a boon.

Hiranyakashyapu received five special abilities as a result of the boon: he could not be killed by a human or an animal, could not be killed indoors or outdoors, could not be killed at any time of day or night, could not be killed by astra (launched weapons) or shastra (handheld weapons), and could not be killed on land, sea, or air.

As a result of his wish being granted, he believed he was invincible, which made him arrogant. He was so egotistical that he ordered his entire empire to worship him alone. Anyone who disobeyed his orders was punished and killed. His son Prahlad, on the other hand, disagreed with his father and refused to worship him as a deity. He continued to worship and believe in Lord Vishnu.

Hiranyakashipu was enraged, and he attempted to kill his son Prahlad several times, but Lord Vishnu always intervened and saved him. Finally, he sought assistance from his sister, Holika.

Holika had been given a blessing that made her fireproof, but she was burned to death because the boon only worked if she joined the fire alone.

Holika with Pralhad in holi bonfire
Holika with Pralhad in holi bonfire

Prahlad, who kept chanting Lord Narayana’s name, emerged unscathed, as the Lord rewarded him for his unwavering devotion. Lord Vishnu’s fourth Incarnation, Narasimha, destroyed Hiranyakashipu, the demon king.

As a result, Holi gets its name from Holika, and people still reenact the scene of ‘Holika’s burning to ashes’ every year to commemorate good triumphing over evil. According to legend, no one, no matter how strong, can harm a true devotee. Those who torment a true believer in God will be reduced to ashes.

Why is Holika Worshipped?

The Holika Dahan is an important part of the Holi festival. People lit a massive bonfire known as Holika Dahan the night before Holi to celebrate the burning of the Demoness Holika, Demon King Hiranyakashyap’s niece.

It is believed that performing Holika puja on Holi bestows strength, prosperity, and wealth in Hindu religion. Holika Puja on Holi will help you overcome all kinds of fears. Since it is believed that Holika was made to ward off all kinds of terror, she is worshipped alongside Prahlada before Holika Dahan, despite the fact that she is a Demon.

Significance and Legend of Holika Dahan.

The legend of Prahlad and Hiranyakashipu is at the heart of Holika Dahan celebrations. Hiranyakashipu was a demon king who saw Lord Vishnu as his mortal enemy because the latter had taken the Varaha avatar to destroy Hiranyaksha, his elder brother.

Hiranyakashipu then persuaded Lord Brahma to grant him the boon that he will not be killed by any Deva, human or animal, or by any creature that takes birth, at any time of day or night, by any hand-held weapon or projectile weapon, or within or outside. The demon king began to believe that he was God after Lord Brahma granted these boons, and demanded that his people only praise him. However, his own son, Prahlad, disobeyed the king’s orders because he was devoted to LordnVishnu. As a result, Hiranyakashipu devised a number of schemes to assassinate his son.

One of the most popular schemes was Hiranyakashipu’s request that his niece, the demon Holika, sit in a pyre with Prahlad in her lap. Holika had been blessed with the ability to escape injury in the event of a burn. When she sat with Prahlad in her lap, Prahlad continued to chant the name of Lord Vishnu, and Holika was consumed by the fire while Prahlad was rescued. Based on the evidences from some legends, Lord Brahma bestowed the blessing on Holika with the expectation that she would not use it for evil. This storey is retold in Holika Dahan.

 How is Holika Dahan celebrated?

People light a bonfire on Holika Dahan, the night before Holi, to represent the pyre used to destroy Prahlad. Several cow dung toys are held on this fire, with cow dung figurines of Holika and Prahlad at the end. Then, as a recreation of Prahlad being rescued from the fire due to his devotion to Lord Vishnu, the figurine of Prahlad is easily removed from the fire. It commemorates the victory of good over evil and teaches people about the importance of sincere devotion.

People also throw samagri, which includes products with antibiotic properties or other cleaning properties that can help keep the environment safe, into the pyre.

Performing Rituals on Holi Dahan (Holi Bonfire)

Holika Deepak, or Chhoti Holi, is another name for Holika Dahan. On this day, after sunset, people light a bonfire, chant mantras, sing traditional folklore, and form a circle around the holy bonfire. They put the woods in a spot that is free of debris and is surrounded by straw.

They place roli, unbroken rice grains or akshat, flowers, raw cotton thread, turmeric bits, unbroken moong daal, batasha (sugar or gur candy), coconut, and gulal where the woods are stacked before lighting the fire. The mantra is chanted, and the bonfire is lit. Five times around the bonfire, people pray for their health and happiness. On this day, people perform a variety of other rituals in order to bring wealth into their homes.

Things to do on Holi Dahan:

  • Place a ghee diya in the northern direction/corner of your home and light it. It is thought that by doing so, the house would be blessed with peace and prosperity.
  • Turmeric mixed with sesame oil is also applied to the body. They wait a while before scraping it and tossing it into the Holika bonfire.
  • Dried coconut, mustard seeds, sesame seeds, 5 or 11 dried cow dung cakes, sugar, and whole wheat grains are also traditionally offered to the sacred fire.
  • During the Parikrama, people also give water to the Holika and pray for the family’s well-being.

Things to avoid on Holi Dahan:

This day is associated with a number of beliefs. Here are a few examples:

  • Avoid accepting water or food from strangers.
  • In the evening of Holika Dahan or when performing the puja, keep your hair tired.
  • On this day, do not lend money or any of your personal belongings to anyone.
  • When performing Holika Dahan Puja, avoid wearing yellow-colored clothing.

The Important of Holi Festival to the Farmers

This festival is very much important to the farmers because the time to harvest new crops as the weather transitions as come. Holi is known as the “spring harvest festival” in certain parts of the world. Farmers rejoice because they have already restocked their farms with new crops in preparation for Holi. As a result, this is their relaxation period, which they enjoy when surrounded by colours and desserts.

 How to Prepare Holika pyre (How to prepare Holi Bonfire)

People who worshipped the bonfire began collecting wood and combustible materials for the bonfire some days before the festival began in notable areas like the parks, community centres, near temples, and other open spaces. An effigy of Holika, who lured Prahalad into the flames, stands atop the pyre. Color pigments, food, party drinks, and festive seasonal foods such as gujiya, mathri, malpuas, and other regional delicacies are stocked within homes.

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The Battle of Umberkhind took place on February 3, 1661 in the Sahyadri mountain range near Pen, Maharashtra, India. The war was fought between the Maratha army led by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the Mughal Empire’s General Kartalab Khan. The Mughal armies were decisively defeated by the Marathas.

This was an outstanding example of guerrilla warfare. Shahista Khan dispatched Kartalab Khan and Rai Bagan to assault Rajgad Fort on the orders of Aurangzeb. The men of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj came across them in the Umberkhind forest, which was located in the mountains.


Following Aurangzeb’s accession to the throne in 1659, he appointed Shaista Khan as viceroy of the Deccan and dispatched a huge Mughal army to implement the Mughal treaty with the Adilshahi of Bijapur.

This region, however, was fiercely contested by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, a Maratha ruler who gained notoriety after killing an Adilshahi general, Afzal Khan, in 1659. Shaista Khan arrived in Aurangabad in January 1660 and advanced rapidly, capturing Pune, the capital of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s kingdom.

After hard combat with the Marathas, he also took the forts of Chakan and Kalyan, as well as the north Konkan. The Marathas were forbidden from entering Pune. Shaista Khan’s campaign was entrusted to Kartalab Khan and Rai Bagan. Kartalab Khan and Rai Bagan were dispatched by Shaista Khan to capture Rajgad Fort. As a result, they set out with 20,000 troops for each of them.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj wanted Kartalab and Rai Bagan (Royal Tigress), the wife of Deshmukh of Mahur Sarkar of Berar Subah Raje Udaram, to join Umberkhind so that they would be easy prey for his guerilla tactics. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s men began blowing horns as the Mughals approached Umberkhind, a 15-mile passage.

The Mughal army as a whole was shocked. The Marathas then launched an arrow bombardment against the Mughal Army. Mughal soldiers like Kartalab Khan and Rai Bagan tried to retaliate, but the forest was so thick and the Maratha Army was so quick that the Mughals couldn’t see the enemy.

Mughal soldiers were being killed by arrows and swords without even seeing the enemy or knowing where to aim. A significant number of Mughal soldiers perished as a result of this. Kartalab Khan was then told by Rai Bagan to surrender himself to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and beg for mercy. “You made a mistake by putting the whole army in the lion’s jaw,” she said. The lion is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. You should not have assaulted Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in this manner. You must now surrender yourself to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in order to save these dying soldiers.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, unlike the Mughals, grants amnesty to all who surrender.” The fight lasted about an hour and a half. Then, on the advice of Rai Bagan, Kartalab Khan dispatched soldiers bearing a white flag of truce. They yelled “truce, truce!” and were encircled by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s men within a minute. Kartalab Khan was then allowed to return on the condition of paying a large ransom and surrendering all of their weapons. If the Mughals returned, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj stationed Netaji Palkar in Umberkhind to keep an eye on them.

In the year 1660, the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire fought the Battle of Chakan. According to the Mughal-Adilshahi agreement, Aurangzeb ordered Shaista Khan to assault Shivaji. Shaista Khan captured Pune and the nearby fort of Chakan with his better equipped and provisioned army of 150,000 men, which was several times the size of the Maratha armies.

Firangoji Narsala was the killedar (commander) of Fort Chakan at the time, which had 300–350 Maratha soldiers defending it. For one and a half months, they were able to fight off the Mughal assault on the fort. The Mughal army numbered over 21,000 soldiers. Then explosives were used to blow up a burj (outer wall). This resulted in an opening in the fort, enabling hordes of Mughals to penetrate the outer walls. Firangoji led a Maratha counter-offensive against a larger Mughal force. The fort was finally lost when Firangoji was captured. He was then brought before Shaista Khan, who admired his courage and offered him a jahagir (military commission) if he joined the Mughal forces, which Firangoji refused. Shaista Khan pardoned Firangoji and set him free because she admired his loyalty. When Firangoji returned home, Shivaji presented him with the fort of Bhupalgad. Shaista Khan took advantage of the Mughal army’s larger, better-equipped, and heavily armed forces to make inroads into Maratha territory.

Despite keeping Pune for nearly a year, he had little success after that. In the city of Pune, he had set up residence at Lal Mahal, Shivaji’s palace.

 In Pune, Shaista Khan maintained a high level of security. Shivaji, on the other hand, planned an assault on Shaista Khan in the midst of tight security. A wedding party had received special permission for a procession in April 1663, and Shivaji plotted an assault using the wedding party as cover.

The Marathas arrived in Pune dressed as the bridegroom’s procession. Shivaji had spent most of his childhood in Pune and was well-versed in the city as well as his own palace, Lal Mahal. One of Shivaji’s childhood friends, Chimanaji Deshpande, aided him in the attack by offering his services as a personal bodyguard.

The Marathas arrived in Pune in the guise of the bridegroom’s entourage. Shivaji had spent the majority of his childhood in Pune and was familiar with both the city and his own palace, Lal Mahal. Chimanaji Deshpande, one of Shivaji’s childhood friends, aided him in the attack by offering his services as a personal bodyguard.

 According to Babasaheb Purandare, it was difficult to differentiate between Shivaji’s Maratha soldiers and the Mughal army’s Maratha soldiers because the Mughal army also had Maratha soldiers. As a result, Shivaji and a few of his trusted men penetrated the Mughal camp, taking advantage of the situation.

Shaista Khan was then directly confronted by Shivaji in a face-to-face assault. Meanwhile, one of Shaista’s wives, sensing risk, switched off the lights. As he fled through an open window, Shivaji chased Shaista Khan and severed three of his fingers with his sword (in the darkness). Shaista Khan narrowly avoided death, but his son, as well as many of his guards and soldiers, were killed in the raid. Shaista Khan left Pune and moved north to Agra within twenty-four hours of the assault. As a punishment for causing the Mughals humiliation with his ignoble defeat in Pune, an angry Aurangzeb exiled him to distant Bengal.

The Battle of Salher took place in February 1672CE between the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire. The fighting took place near the Salher fort in the Nashik district. The outcome was the Maratha Empire’s decisive victory. This war is important because it is the first time the Mughal Dynasty has been defeated by the Marathas.

According to the Treaty of Purandar (1665), Shivaji had to hand over 23 forts to the Mughals. The Mughal empire took control of strategically important forts such as Sinhagad, Purandar, Lohagad, Karnala, and Mahuli, which were fortified with garrisons. The Nashik area, which included the forts Salher and Mulher, had been firmly in the Mughal Empire’s hands since 1636 at the time of this treaty.

Shivaji’s visit to Agra was triggered by the signing of this treaty, and after his famous escape from the city in September 1666, two years of “uneasy truce” ensued. However, the destruction of the Viswanath and Benares temples, as well as Aurangzeb’s resurgent anti-Hindu policies, led Shivaji to declare war on the Mughals once more.

Shivaji’s power and territories expanded significantly between 1670 and 1672. Shivaji’s armies successfully raided Baglan, Khandesh, and Surat, retaking over a dozen forts in the process. This resulted in a decisive victory on an open field near Salher against a Mughal army of over 40,000 soldiers.

The Battle

In January 1671, Sardar Moropant Pingle and his army of 15,000 captured the Mughal forts of Aundha, Patta, and Trimbak, and attacked Salher and Mulher. With 12,000 horsemen, Aurangzeb dispatched two of his generals, Ikhlas Khan and Bahlol Khan, to recover Salher. Salher was besieged by the Mughals in October 1671. Shivaji then ordered his two commanders, Sardar Moropant Pingle and Sardar Prataprao Gujar, to retake the fort. For more than 6 months, 50,000 Mughals had besieged the fort. Salher, as the main fort on key trade routes, was strategically important to Shivaji.

In the meantime, Dilerkhan had invaded Pune, and Shivaji was unable to save the city because his main armies were away. Shivaji devised a scheme to distract Dilerkhan’s attention by pressuring him to travel to Salher. To relieve the fort, he ordered Moropant, who was in the South Konkan, and Prataprao, who was raiding near Aurangabad, to meet and assault the Mughals at Salher. ‘Go to the north and assault Salher and defeat the enemy,’ Shivaji wrote in a letter to his commanders. Both Maratha forces met near Vani, bypassing the Mughal camp at Nashik on their way to Salher.

The Maratha army had a combined strength of 40,000 men (20,000 infantry and 20,000 cavalry). Since the terrain was unsuitable for cavalry battles, the Maratha commanders agreed to entice, break, and finish the Mughal armies in separate locations. Prataprao Gujar attacked the Mughals with 5,000 cavalry, killing many unprepared troops, as anticipated.

After half an hour, the Mughals were completely prepared, and Prataprao and his army began to escape. The Mughal cavalry, numbering 25,000 men, began pursuing the Marathas. Prataprao enticed mughal cavalry into a pass 25 kilometres from Salher, where Anandrao Makaji’s 15,000 cavalry was concealed. Prataprao turned around and assaulted the Mughals once more in the pass. Anandrao’s 15,000 fresh cavalry blocked the other end of the pass, encircling the Mughals on all sides.

 In only 2-3 hours, the fresh Maratha cavalry routed the exhausted Mughal cavalry. Thousands of Mughals were forced to flee the war. With his 20,000 infantry, Moropant surrounded and attacked the 25,000 strong Mughal infantry at Salher.

Suryaji Kakde, a famous maratha sardar and Shivaji’s childhood friend, was killed in the battle by a Zamburak cannon.

The fighting lasted an entire day, and it is estimated that 10,000 men from both sides were killed. The light cavalry of the Marathas outmatched the Mughal military machines (which included cavalry, infantry, and artillery). The Marathas defeated the imperial Mughal armies and handed them a humiliating defeat.

The triumphant Maratha Army captured 6,000 horses, an equal number of camels, 125 elephants, and the entire Mughal train. Aside from that, the Marathas confiscated a significant amount of goods, treasures, gold, gems, clothing, and carpets.

The fight is defined in the Sabhasad Bakhar as follows: “As the battle began, a (cloud of) dust erupted to the point that it was difficult to say who was friend and who was foe for a three-kilometer square. Elephants were slaughtered. On both sides, ten thousand men were killed. There were too many horses, camels, and elephants (killed) to count.

A river of blood gushed out (in the battlefield). The blood transformed into a muddy pool, and people started to fall in it because the mud was so deep.”


The war ended in a decisive Maratha victory, resulting in Salher’s liberation. This war also resulted in the Mughals losing control of the nearby fort of Mulher. Ikhlas Khan and Bahlol Khan were arrested, and 22 wazirs of note were taken as prisoners. Approximately one or two thousand Mughal soldiers who were held captive escaped. Suryajirao Kakade, a famous Panchazari Sardar of the Maratha army, was killed in this battle and was renowned for his ferocity.

A dozen Maratha sardars were awarded for their outstanding performance in the battle, with two officers (Sardar Moropant Pingle and Sardar Prataprao Gujar) receiving special recognition.


Up until this battle, most of Shivaji’s victories had come through guerilla warfare, but the Maratha’s use of light cavalry against the Mughal forces on the Salher battlefield proved successful. The saint Ramdas wrote his famous letter to Shivaji, addressing him as Gajpati (Lord of Elephants), Haypati (Lord of Cavalry), Gadpati (Lord of Forts), and Jalpati (Lord of Forts) (Master of the High Seas). Shivaji Maharaj was proclaimed Emperor (or Chhatrapati ) of his realm a few years later in 1674, but not as a direct result of this war.

Also Read

HISTORY OF CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ – Chapter 1: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj The Legend

People born under Mithuna Rashi are expressive ,they are sociable, communicative and ready for fun, with a tendency to suddenly get serious and restless.They are fascinated with the world, always curious, with a constant feeling that there is not enough time to experience everything they want to see.Horoscope 2021 for Mithuna Rashi says that you will have a wonderful time throughout the year.   

Here are general predictions for Mithuna Rashi for 2021 based up on the Moon sign and the transit of other planets during the year.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Family Life horoscope 2021

Family life seems happy and fulfilling. Luxury items are coming for the home. You can find fortune in purchasing new properties. There is good family support for you now both financially and emotionally. The family circle is expanding through marriages or through meeting people who are like family to you but marriages in the family seem most likely.

During September till early November, the presence of Mars can create some differences in the family. One should try to keep a watch on relations between members of the family during these times. You will get good support from your mother, friends & your work colleagues.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Health horoscope 2021

Your health predictions express that sleep disorders may develop during the month of April to October. You may also suffer from some skin and stomach problems during beginning of the year.

You should exercise, meditate and do yoga for healthy lifestyle.Health is going to improve after September 15th but you still need to be careful. Be open to new health regimes.

Mithuna (Gemini) Married Life horoscope 2021

Initial six months are not favourable for married relations. Misunderstanding may develop due to your aggression and egoistic approach.A self-centered attitude in your partner could be on the rise due to these circumstances, which in turn could be reflected in their words and actions.

Bringing positivity in your marital life may help. Months from May to August may bring some respite where tension in relationship may get reduced.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Love life horoscope 2021

The beginning of the Year may not turn out to be a favourable one for you. Unnecessary arguments must be avoided. Also, try to keep your beloved happy. Due to work commitments, the love of your life could drift away from you in July. However, your love life could turn out to be the best in January, May, July, August and September.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Professional or business horoscope 2021

Professional life may not be considered favourable this year. Beginning of the year  may appear to be supportive but as the year progresses things will get harder in your professional life.  Around April your luck may lead you to a promotion at the workplace. You just need to remain cautious and work diligently from February to May.  

People in business do need to remain cautious. They may take advantage of your trust and, in turn, may harm you.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Money and Finance horoscope 2021

First half of the year is not favourable and you may face some undesirable financial situations. Rahu’s presence can increase your expenses. Even if you try to control them, they will continue to grow. Remember that these expenses may be unnecessary. These expenses could linger on for a longer time and may become a cause of the financial crisis in the future.

Mithuna (Gemini) – Lucky gem stone 2021


Mithuna (Gemini) – Lucky colour 2021

Green every Wednesday

Mithuna (Gemini) – Lucky number 2021


Mithuna (Gemini) Remedies

Worship lord Ganesha daily and feed cows green fodder.

Avoid any alcoholic and non-vegetarian food on Thursdays.

Also Read (Other Rashi Rashiphal)

  1. Mesh Rashi – मेष राशि (Aries) Rashiphal 2021
  2. Vrishabh Rashi – वृषभ राशि (Taurus) Rashiphal 2021
  3. Karka Rashi – कर्क राशि (Cancer) Rashiphal 2021
  4. Simha Rashi – सिंह राशि (Leo) Rashiphal 2021
  5. Kanya Rashi – कन्या राशि (Virgo) Rashiphal 2021
  6. Tula Rashi – तुला राशि (Libra) Rashiphal 2021
  7. Vrischik Rashi – वृश्चिक राशि (Scorpio) Rashiphal 2021
  8. Dhanu Rashi – धनु राशि (Sagittarius) Rashiphal 2021
  9. Makar Rashi – मकर राशि (Capricorn) Rashiphal 2021
  10. Kumbh Rashi – कुंभ राशि (Aquarius) Rashiphal 2021
  11. Meen Rashi – मीन राशि (Pisces) Rashiphal 2021

Vrishabha Rashi is the second sign of zodiac and it is represented by the sign of Bull, they are represented by bull because they are too strong and powerful like a bull. Horoscope 2021 for Vrishabha Rashi reveals that people under Vrishabha Rashi are well known for being reliable, practical, ambitious, and sensual. These people tend to be good with finances, and hence make good finance managers.

Here are general predictions for Vrishabha Rashi for 2021 based up on the Moon sign.

Vrishabha (Taurus)Family life horoscope 2021

Vrishabha Rashi horoscope for family does not indicate a very favourable period on family matters but that doesn’t mean it will remain like this during the whole year. From January till about February, you will have more trouble. Just stay calm as it will start improving after February.

There can be some stress due to the health problems of your parents. Just take routine care of their health and after July, their health will start improving and stress will go away after September. Take care of the health of children in the months of September and October.  

Vrishabha (Taurus) Health horoscope 2021

Start of the year is not good for health and you may feel stressed. Stress level may remain high. You should also take care of your digestive system due to stomach problems during first half of the year. Last part of this year is also not good for health.

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Married Life horoscope 2021

You may face a time of problems between you and your spouse, which may become a cause of stress in your marital life. February to May seems to be a tough time for you. Thus, you may need to keep your mouth in check and temper under control. Also, try and resolve almost every issue or argument with calm.

Whereas, the middle of the year would be good. As the influence of Venus will favorably affect your life, filling it with romance and love. From 16 May to 28 May, you would find immense attraction between you and your spouse.

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Love life horoscope 2021

There may be misunderstandings between you two at the beginning of the year, you may find yourself efficiently resolving those issues. Do remember that the arguments;  may not take a leave this year. Thus, resolving the issues and maintaining peace will be an essential part of your love life; otherwise, things could turn bitter.  

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Professional or business horoscope 2021

Initial months of this year, specially the first quarter of 2021, are very much favourable for your professional life. You may find things around you are normal in the beginning but soon adverse atmosphere at workplace may keep you stressed. Don’t Be aggressive at your workplace.

Businessmen need to take care of the relations with the partners particularly during the last part of the year. Keep patience while dealing with your partners. First and third quarter of this year is favourable for this purpose.

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Finance horoscope 2021

Saving should be your first priority. Financial problems might disturb your family life also. In the month of February, chances of financial loss is high. After October, profits will start coming to you through increased earnings.

Be careful while you invest and save for future. You need to plot and plan your finances, your expenditure in each and every things and you need to reduce it to get rid of the financial problems. Being positive plays a vital role in your financial situation. Horoscope for 2021 also says that money is not very auspicious and fruitful in the second quarter of the year.

 Vrishabha (Taurus) – Lucky gem stone 2021

Opal or diamond.

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Lucky colour 2021

Pink every Friday

Vrishabha (Taurus) – Lucky number 2021


Vrishabha (Taurus) Remedies

1. Worship goddess Durga daily and also keep a white coloured handkerchief in your pocket.

2. Feed cows occassionally.

3. Spend good quality times with parents.

Also Read (Other Rashi Rashiphal)

  1. Mesh Rashi – मेष राशि (Aries) Rashiphal 2021
  2. Mithun Rashi – मिथुन राशि (Gemini) Rashiphal 2021
  3. Karka Rashi – कर्क राशि (Cancer) Rashiphal 2021
  4. Simha Rashi – सिंह राशि (Leo) Rashiphal 2021
  5. Kanya Rashi – कन्या राशि (Virgo) Rashiphal 2021
  6. Tula Rashi – तुला राशि (Libra) Rashiphal 2021
  7. Vrischik Rashi – वृश्चिक राशि (Scorpio) Rashiphal 2021
  8. Dhanu Rashi – धनु राशि (Sagittarius) Rashiphal 2021
  9. Makar Rashi – मकर राशि (Capricorn) Rashiphal 2021
  10. Kumbh Rashi – कुंभ राशि (Aquarius) Rashiphal 2021
  11. Meen Rashi – मीन राशि (Pisces) Rashiphal 2021

People born to Mesha rashi are really courageous action oriented and competitive, they are found to be learned, quick in action and optimistic even in hard days. They are full of positive energy , and have a spirit that can tackel any challenge. They prefer to remain and work independently and do not wish to be dominated by others.

Mesha (Aries) – Family life horoscope 2021

According to the Mesha Rashi horoscope, the first quarter of 2021 may create some misunderstanding and dispute amongst the family members.You might become a bit restless specially during the last quarter of the year. Aggression may further exaggerate the situation. You should avoid arguments with your family members to keep relations stable. Month of December may also prove to be worrisome.

But months from April to August 2021 and most of the time during the year, will be positive in your family life. Family members will have better understanding. The family environment will be positive.

Mesha (Aries) –Health horoscope 2021

Time from January to March 2021 might bring major health problems in your life. Months of April and October 2021 are favourable for health.

Your health demand attention this year. People who work with heavy machines need to take care and should be very alert they might get an injury. You’ll need to exercise, to be fit. You may face problems like diabetes and heart disease, you need to be more attentive towards your health. You might suffer from indigestion, high cholesterol and mild illness.

Mesha (Aries) –Married life horoscope 2021

The beginning of the Year 2021 won’t very  be favourable for the marital lives as said by Mesha Rashi 2021 horoscope. You’ll be on good terms with your partners and may even gain respect in their eyes.

Lack of mutual understanding and will be quiet evident between you and your spouse in this duration. To keep the relations working, you need to control your temper. Some relief in married life relations can be expected after May. Months of September to October 2021 are also favourable but you need to be cautious during last three months of 2021.

Mesha (Aries) – Love life horoscope 2021

Love horoscope of Mesha rashi for reveals that those who are in love relationships may get married , start of the year is good to go out with your loved ones. Those who are single might get a partner this year.

One should remain careful before April and to mid-November. Ego is likely to remain high in these months which may cause problems in relations. You need to control your ego and temper. Avoid any unnecessary arguments with spouse particularly during these months to keep the relationship to work smoothly.

Mesha (Aries) – Professional or Business horoscope 2021

This year may not prove to be favourable for professional life. You will not get the results of your hard work up as much as you have wished.Your seniors may not be satisfied with your performance and might be too demanding. Time starting from beginning of the year  till March is full of struggle and hardships.

From May onward you may start getting some relief for coming few months. Some new sources of income will bring you happiness. But last quarter of the year may  give some problems regarding professional life. Temperamental approach should be avoided. Having cool and patient approach at workplace will give positive results.

Mesha (Aries) –Money and finance horoscope 2021

In terms of Mesha Rashi 2021 finance, there will be some challenges during this Year. These challenges would, in turn, give birth to certain hurdles in economic matters for some. But soon, you will gain momentum and will definitely advance.

Close to the year-end, from September to November, you may face issues in economic matters.

Mesha (Aries) Lucky gem stone

Red coral.

Mesha (Aries) –Lucky colour 2021

Bright orange every Tuesday

Mesha (Aries) –Lucky number 2021


Mesha (Aries)Remedies

1. Visit and worship Lord Hanuman every Tuesday.

2. It is advised that you pray to Moon before sleeping.

Also Read (Other Rashi Rashiphal)

  1. Vrishabh Rashi – वृषभ राशि (Taurus) Rashiphal 2021
  2. Mithun Rashi – मिथुन राशि (Gemini) Rashiphal 2021
  3. Karka Rashi – कर्क राशि (Cancer) Rashiphal 2021
  4. Simha Rashi – सिंह राशि (Leo) Rashiphal 2021
  5. Kanya Rashi – कन्या राशि (Virgo) Rashiphal 2021
  6. Tula Rashi – तुला राशि (Libra) Rashiphal 2021
  7. Vrischik Rashi – वृश्चिक राशि (Scorpio) Rashiphal 2021
  8. Dhanu Rashi – धनु राशि (Sagittarius) Rashiphal 2021
  9. Makar Rashi – मकर राशि (Capricorn) Rashiphal 2021
  10. Kumbh Rashi – कुंभ राशि (Aquarius) Rashiphal 2021
  11. Meen Rashi – मीन राशि (Pisces) Rashiphal 2021

People born under Kanya Rashi are very  analytical. They are really kind -hearted , hardworking..These people are very sensitive in nature and often very shy and modest, face problem in standing up for themselves.They are extremely loyal and faithful. They are practical by nature. This trait along with analytical power makes them very intellectual. They are good at maths. As they are practical, they are very attentive to detail.They are also skilled at art and literature.

Kanya (Virgo) – Family life Horoscope 2021

You will get a lot of  support and happiness and appreciation  from your family, friend ,relatives. All this support will most likely make you successful.You will also enjoy the lavish life even in when you will suffer from stress. But, last two months of 2021, the situation may worsen gradually and you may start getting in  problems and disputes  with  your family members, friend  and relatives. Some dispute may occur due to your egoistic attitude and overconfidence. Due to busy and hectic schedule you will very likely to get  little or no time to spend with your family .

Kanya (Virgo) – Health Horoscope 2021

The predictions for Kanya Rashi Health horoscope 2021 indicate a normal health during the Year. You can get back your energy and courage, due to the position of Ketu in the third house.

There will be some stress at the job from July to September which can make you inclined towards illegal and restricted items. Don’t fall for forbidden items, and keep your head held high

Kanya (Virgo) – Married Life Horoscope 2021 

Single people are most likely to find their partners and prosect of marriage for unmarried people met come up.

Who are married already,they are most likely to face an smooth and stagnant time. Their might be some misunderstanding, but you will be able to sort that out.

Kanya (Virgo) – Love life Horoscope 2021 

This year can be considered really fruitful for lovers. You will mostly remain happy and will expected to spend a lot of quality time with your significant other. This is perfect time for lovers to get married. Pending disputed issues of marriage might get started to get resolved. This time is favourable for marriage till October, after October avoid any auspicious function like marriage.

Difference of opinion are expected to surface between you and your partner. Unnecessary doubts, suspicion and anger and aggressiveness are the main reason of these disputes. Handle the situation calmly and communicate things out through healthy discussion. From February,your relationship will  get better. There are a lot romantic dates are waiting in April.

Kanya (Virgo) – Professional or business Horoscope 2021 

Months of January, March, and May,might be very fruitful for you. In the month of May, you can expect desired job transfer to finally happen. You may encounter some new and different challenges at your work . Remember to be polite,humble and generous toward colleagues.

Kanya (Virgo) – Finance Horoscope 2021 

This year might prove to be fruitful for the matters related to finance. Avoid investing during the last quarters of 2021, you might encounter loss. A good growth in your inflow of cash through the new sources of income is expected. Going abroad for business expansion may go in your favour. Avoid taking certain risks. Rather try investing in properties , this may prove beneficial.

Kanya (Virgo) Lucky gem stone


Kanya (Virgo) Lucky colour

Light green every Wednesday

Kanya (Virgo) Lucky number


Kanya (Virgo) Remedies

In morning try to consume a lot of liquid food.

In the morning donot forget to offer to sun god

Try to avoid taking long journeys in your own vehicle and think ,if possible avoid investing in properties.

Also Read (Other Rashi Rashiphal)

  1. Mesh Rashi – मेष राशि (Aries) Rashiphal 2021
  2. Vrishabh Rashi – वृषभ राशि (Taurus) Rashiphal 2021
  3. Mithun Rashi – मिथुन राशि (Gemini) Rashiphal 2021
  4. Karka Rashi – कर्क राशि (Cancer) Rashiphal 2021
  5. Simha Rashi – सिंह राशि (Leo) Rashiphal 2021
  6. Tula Rashi – तुला राशि (Libra) Rashiphal 2021
  7. Vrischik Rashi – वृश्चिक राशि (Scorpio) Rashiphal 2021
  8. Dhanu Rashi – धनु राशि (Sagittarius) Rashiphal 2021
  9. Makar Rashi – मकर राशि (Capricorn) Rashiphal 2021
  10. Kumbh Rashi – कुंभ राशि (Aquarius) Rashiphal 2021
  11. Meen Rashi – मीन राशि (Pisces) Rashiphal 2021